There two types of weave come under this category i.e. regular
and irregular weave.
basket weave: This
is commonly used for edges in drapery, or as a bottom in very small weave
repeats, because the texture is too loose-fitting for big weave repeats;
moreover, yarns of different groups can slip, group and overlap, spoiling the
appearance. This is why only basket weaves 2-2, 3-3 and 4-4 exist.
basket weave: This
is generally a combination of irregular warp and weft ribs.
Method of Construction: Two or more warps simultaneously interlaced with one
or more fillings.
Household Uses: Wall hangings, pillows.
Example of Basket weave:
- Monks cloth: Heavy cotton Cloth in a coarse basket weave, chiefly
used for draperies.
- Oxford; Oxford
weave fabric consists of two, thin warp yarns woven to very soft, thicker
yarn in the filling direction. The unbalanced construction of the fabric
causes the thin yarns to break and leave tiny holes. The primary use of oxford weave fabric is in cotton shirting. It is also used in other forms of apparel.
2.3 Twill Weave: Creates a diagonal, chevron, hounds tooth, corkscrew, or
other design. The design is enhanced with colored yarn is strong and may
develop a shine. Twill weave is characterized by diagonal ridges formed by the
yarns, which are exposed on the surface. These may vary in angle from a low
slope to a very steep slope. Twill weaves are more closely woven, heavier and
stronger than weaves of comparable fiber and yarn size. They can be produced in fancy designs.
Method of Construction: Three or more shafts; warp or filling floats over two
or more counterpart yarns in progressive steps right or left
Household Uses: Upholstery, comforters, pillows.
Types of Fabrics:
Denim: A Strong
Warp Face Cotton Cloth used for overall, Jeans skirts etc. Largely made in 3/1
twill weave. Generally warp yarn is dyed brown or blue and crossed with white
Warp Face cloth mostly woven 2/2 twill, 27/2 tex warp, 20/2 tex cotton weft.
Here cotton weft is yarn dyed but the wool warp may be dyed in piece.
- Smooth, soft luster
- Excellent drapability
- Floats snag easily
Method of Construction:
- Floats one warp yarn over four or more weft yarns, then
tied down with one thread, resulting in a smooth face
- Common Fabrics: Satin, satin-weave fabrics out of
fabrics such as cotton & Charmeuse
Household Uses: Draperies, quilts