ISO 9000 is a family of standards
for quality management. It is maintained by the International Organization for
Standardization and is administered by the accreditation and certification
bodies. ISO 9000 addresses quality management standards as to what an
organization needs to fulfill. It assesses the organizations ability to meet
customer and regulatory requirements, quality management system, and provides guidelines
for performance improvement. It is one of the renowned international standards
that have been implemented by countless companies in more than 150 countries.
ISO standards aim at:
- A set of procedures to cover all key processes in the business.
- Monitor the process and ensure its effectiveness.
- Quality requirements of customers.
- Checking outputs for defects, and taking corrective actions in
- Applicable regulatory requirements to enhance customer
- Achieve continuous improvement of performance.
ISO 9000:2000 and ISO 9001:2000:
Earlier till December 2000, there
used to be ISO 9000, ISO 9001, ISO 9002 and ISO 9003 standards. During
December 2000, the International Organization for Standardization merged all of
them into a revised ISO 9001 standard. To distinguish between the earlier
standards and the revised one, the later was referred to as ISO 9001:2000 or
ISO 9000:2000. For all practical purposes, ISO 9000 and ISO 9001 connote the
same, and 2000 indicates the year of its revision.
Application in the Textile and Apparel Industries:
Textile and apparel industries
have many complicated activities and challenges involved in the course of its
operation. Their operation incurs heavy expenditure to the manufacturers. Many
textile and apparel industries have implemented ISO standards to lower its
operating costs and improve the quality of its output, ultimately increasing
the level of customer satisfaction. Textile and apparel industries account for
a sizable percent of manufacturing jobs in a global perspective. They employ
millions of people directly and indirectly. They form a massive industrial
complex and prove to be a big contributor among the manufacturing industries of
Some textile and apparel
industries view ISO certification is only necessary as a factor for exports.
But, the main matter of concern in textile industry is that an imperative
relation exists between the quality of the materials and the quality of the
final product. ISO standards enable the industry to enhance the quality of raw
material input, thereby strengthening the quality of the ultimate product. This will result in a systematic approach to management, incessant performance improvement, factual approach towards the decision making process, and a mutually benefiting
suppliers relationship. Thus is helps the manufacturers in 'Weaving a Quality
Market for ISO Certification:
As every day passes by, global
competition is heating up. Textile and apparel industries are in the midst of
major changes. To keep pace with the market scenario, industries rely more on
quality and innovative fabrics, and apparels, and quick response to the needs
of the customer. Innovations in the fields of nanotextiles, nonwovens, electro
textiles, medical textiles, and geo textiles are providing new opportunities
for the manufacturers and tap the market. Simultaneously, these opportunities
also encompass them with critical challenges. Organizations today engage in
many international trade activities, and this certification proves a
pre-requisite for their survival in international competition. ISO
certification helps the companies in market creation and penetration.