The earliest art of hand weaving along with hand spinning
remains a popular craft. There are different types of weaving looms and these
include handloom, frame loom and back strap loom.
A loom is a mechanism or tool used for weaving yarn and
thread into textiles. Looms vary in a wide assortment of sizes. They come in
huge free standing hand looms, tiny hand-held frames, to vast automatic
mechanical tools. A loom can as well pertain to an electric line construction
like that of a wiring loom. The main task of looms is to clutch the twist
threads under pressure to enable the progress of interweaving of the woof
strands. The loom's system and exact form can differ to some extent; however it
still performs the basic application.
There are many kinds of weaving looms to choose from,
depending on what you plan to weave. When planning on buying a weaving loom,
consider several things. These include how large a piece do you intend to
weave; how much experience do you have with weaving looms; how much space is
there for your looms; and how much time are you willing to spend on it.
Some looms are fairly small and simply mastered by their
users. They can even be used by young children. Larger looms tend to be more
complex but still have more detailed options for better usage. The size of the
loom is the one to determine the width of whatever weave material you're going
to select. The length is more controlled in the table looms.
Different Types of Looms
The first and original loom was vertically twist-weighted
types, where threads are hung from a wooden piece or branch or affixed to the
floor or ground. The weft threads are manually shoved into position or pushed
through a rod that also becomes the shuttle. Raising and lowering each warp
thread one by one is needed in the beginning. It is done by inserting a piece
of rod to create a shack, the gap between warp threads in order for the woof to
easily traverse the whole warp right away.
Horizontal ground looms permit the warp threads to be chained
between a couple of rows of dowels. The weaver needs to bend forward to perform
the task easily. Thus, pit looms with warp chained over a ditch are invented to
let the weaver have his or her legs positioned below and leveled with the loom.
Back strap Looms
They are well recognized for their portability. The one end
of this loom type is secured around the waist of the weaver and the other end
is attached around a fixed thing like door, stake, or tree. Pressure applied
can be customized by just bending back.
Frame looms almost have the similar mechanisms that ground
looms hold. The loom was made of rods and panels fastened at the right angles
to construct a form similar to a box to make it more handy and manageable. This
type of loom is being utilized even until now due to its economy and
Rigid heddle Looms
These are the crisscross manifold loom types. The back strap
looms and frame looms fall under this type. This one normally features one
harness, with its heddles attached in the harness. The yarn or thread goes in
an alternate manner all the way through a heddle and in the gap between the
heddles. In this way, lifting the harness also lifts half of the threads and
letting down the harness also drops the same threads. Strands leading through
the gaps between the heddles stay in position.