Turkey's footwear industry has developed at a rapid pace due to
modern manufacturing processes, the availability of major quality raw
materials, skilled workers and high design capacity. Today the Turkish footwear
industry has a strong position among exporters of high quality fashion goods.
Another sign of positive development is the increase in foreign investments in
It is obvious that the footwear
industry is extremely dependent on the leather industry in the country. The
Turkish leather sector, which has a history of 500 years, is becoming a leading
centre in the leather world. The Turkish leather industry which occupies a prominent place in the Turkish economy has been developing rapidly by combining its technology
and its historical background.
Initial efforts to modernize the
leather industry began in the 70s but significant progress on a real industrial
scale only began in the mid 80s. The sector has developed very quickly in
recent years. At present, there are three organised leather industry zones in Turkey and wastewater treatment plants for these zones have been completed. In addition,
eight organised leather industry zones are under construction. The sector produces according to international standards and is becoming more sensitive to health and the environment;
about 90 % of the production is based on health and environmental standards.
Leather is one of Turkey's leading export sectors. The export figure of the leather sector for 2007 was about
846 million dollars.
The shoe industry, which began to
appear as a smallsize industry in 1950, is now a welldeveloped industry.
Especially in the 1980s significant investments in machinery parks were made
and now over 15 % of the sector has completed its industrialization process. About 70 % of the production in the sector is carried out by semimechanized production processes and almost 15 % of production is handmade.
According to State Institute of
Statistics, the footwear industry employs 26,954 people and the industry has
about 4753 companies which are manufacturing various shoes and slippers. Almost
50 % of the total number of companies is active in İstanbul. Konya, Ankara, Gaziantep, Manisa and Denizli, Adana, Malatya and orum (İskilip) are
the other important shoe production centers.
The production capacity of the 33
leading companies in the sector is 328,100 pairs daily. In addition, there are
many small and medium size establishments in the sector.
Turkeys shoe production reached 200 million pairs in 2004. Almost
26 % of the production consists of leather shoes. In addition, there has been a
rapid increase in the manufacture of plastic shoes and slippers. The footwear
sector relies on Turkish made shoe production machinery as well as shoe parts.
The share of the shoe parts industry in the total shoe industry production is around 5 % and production is very diversified. The soles, heels, casting molds and
the welt of the shoes are exported. The shoe parts industry is located in
İzmir and the Aegean region, Konya, Gaziantep and in particular
The military boots, work and safety
shoes industries in Turkey have developed significantly in recent years. These
sectors are producing according to international standards, and shoes with the
CE mark are exported to European countries.
The footwear sector closely follows
the latest trends in the fashion world. Turkish shoe companies prepare their own collections for every season according to fashion trends both in Turkey and in the world.
The industry is now concentrating
its efforts on training and design. In this context, with the initiative of
shoe industry, the Turkish Shoe Industry Research, Development and Education
Foundation was established in 2001. In order to meet the need of qualified personel
in shoe design, a new department of education, "The Shoe Design Department"
has been opened at Mimar Sinan University in Istanbul, which offers twoyear courses.
In addition to these, every year various shoe design competitions are being
organized in order to discover new talents in the field of design.