In the entire world today there has been a growing awareness
of the damage caused to the environment by the indiscriminate use of chemicals,
some of which are very toxic and carcinogenic. The textile industry is one of
the most pollution creating industry in terms of high solid waste, high
Biochemical Oxygen demand (BOD)/ Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) content in waste
water, use of hazardous chemicals and dyes etc. Though air, water and noise
pollution is created at every step of textile production, the most problematic is textile wet processing, in terms of vast quantity of water and good number of
chemicals which are used in wet processing, and on completion of the process, residual dyes and chemicals together with water are discharged as effluents.
Environmental pollution is a term refers to all the methods
by which people pollute their environment. It is undesirable change in the
physical, chemical or biological characteristics of the environment, which
causes harmful effect. Environmental pollution is one of the most serious problems
faced by the mankind. Certain laws and regulations need to be formulated by the
government which obligates the manufacturer and individuals to stop or reduce
certain polluting activities.
Toxic dyes and chemicals used in wet processing of textile
goods which are coming in contact with the skin and causing a direct damage to
the health like skin cancer, allergy etc. Therefore, an important step in the
preparation of eco-friendly textile will be reduction of waste at source i.e.
minimize the use of resources like water and substances that are exhausting.
Thus, care has to be taken to eliminate/ optimize use of unsafe chemicals/
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About the Authors
authors; Durganshu Arya is the Senior Lecturer in Department Of Fashion Design
at Pearl Academy of Fashion Jaipur and Pallavee Kohli is Senior Assistant Professor
in Department of Textile Technology at International College for Girls, Jaipur,