The garment industry today plays a vital role in meeting the quick challenging demands on the fashion market. The production of short run repeat orders relatively low skill input , low reject rates ,Many complex design, unique wash, value addition etc.,The most garment dyeing enable to be carried out using simple relatively inexpensive equipment with modest space requirement with out effluent production. However, we are exploring new garment finishing system that can be used in conjunction with garment dyeing. A wide variety of dyes may be used to create unique look on garment. Garments are dyed with direct, reactive, sulphur, pigments.Sulphur and pigments are mainly used for getting worn out looks. Smart colorants are those which respond to different in environmental condition.
This paper focuses on garment dyeing ,washing produces special effects like flat look denim, quick wash denim, tinted denim, grainy look denim, sand blasting. New development like laser technology, toneless stone wash effect, ion wash, mud wash, ozone fading, water jet fading etc., which are all the topics discussed in this paper
As the fashion trends keep on changing, no one can predict quite in advance what sort of colors will run as far as garment sale is concerned. In order to be able to sense the market trend and to cut down the delivery time, the general trend is to defer the finishing after the garment is made. In such a situation, it is possible that the color in demand can be used for garment dyeing and subsequently the garments could be finished to have required resistance to wrinkles and dimensional stability. The dyeing of cotton in garment form is increasing in importance.
Smart colorants for garments:
Smart colorants are those, which respond to differences temperature or light and environmental conditions. They are called smart because they sense conditions in their environment and respond to those conditions. Initially, smart colorants were developed for specialized applications but now have become available for application on textiles / Garments.
Smart colorants can be classified into three categories.
Photo chromic color:
Fabric color changes when exposed to sunlight or other source of UV radiation.
Thermo chromic color:
Fabric color changes with temperature
Glow in the dark color:
Fabric color glows in dark.
- On garment to create novel products and promotional items like T-Shirts
- On fabric/garment to print company logo/brand name to prevent duplication
- On garment for party wear, night clubs etc.
- Thermometers and temperature indicators.
- Security printing.
- Food industry to indicate temperature of packaged food.