In the entire world today there has been a growing awareness of the damage caused to the environment by the indiscriminate use of chemicals, some of which are very toxic and carcinogenic. The textile industry is one of the most pollution creating industry in terms of high solid waste, high Biochemical Oxygen demand (BOD)/ Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) content in waste water, use of hazardous chemicals and dyes etc. Though air, water and noise pollution is created at every step of textile production, the most problematic is textile wet processing, in terms of vast quantity of water and good number of chemicals which are used in wet processing, and on completion of the process, residual dyes and chemicals together with water are discharged as effluents.
Environmental pollution is a term refers to all the methods by which people pollute their environment. It is undesirable change in the physical, chemical or biological characteristics of the environment, which causes harmful effect. Environmental pollution is one of the most serious problems faced by the mankind. Certain laws and regulations need to be formulated by the government which obligates the manufacturer and individuals to stop or reduce certain polluting activities.
Toxic dyes and chemicals used in wet processing of textile goods which are coming in contact with the skin and causing a direct damage to the health like skin cancer, allergy etc. Therefore, an important step in the preparation of eco-friendly textile will be reduction of waste at source i.e. minimize the use of resources like water and substances that are exhausting. Thus, care has to be taken to eliminate/ optimize use of unsafe chemicals/ auxiliaries/ dyestuffs.
About the Authors
The authors; Durganshu Arya is the Senior Lecturer in Department Of Fashion Design at Pearl Academy of Fashion Jaipur and Pallavee Kohli is Senior Assistant Professor in Department of Textile Technology at International College for Girls, Jaipur, respectively.