Source : New Cloth Market
Manufacturing of textiles begin with spinning the original fibers, which are relatively short and thin, into yarn. These yarns alone and in combination with continuous man made filaments are converted into fabric by one of the two processes weaving or knitting. The fabric is then transformed into a three dimensional shell to be used as clothing. There are no documentary evidence of mankind understanding the wonderful science of spinning yarn, art of interlacing such yarn into woven/knitted fabric and clothing the human race but undoubtedly this simple art was not only the foundation for industrial revolution beginning with it and these basic initiatives of mankind over thousands of years laid the foundation stone of todays comfortable life and civilized society. The present article reviews the textile industrys progress from industrial revolution till date and growth of Indian textile industry.
Key words-Textiles, spinning, weaving, knitting, garment, apparel
The industrial revolution in 1700 is synonymous to the birth of textile industry starting from Great Britain. England, one of the todays leaders of globalization, actually aimed at keeping the revolution a secret and it prohibited anyone who had worked in the factory to leave the country. In response US attempted to attract industrial revolution by offering suitable rewards to anyone who could build a cotton spinning machine in the United States.
Samuel Slater, who had been an apprentice in an English cotton factory, disguised himself and went to America where he reconstructed a spinning machine from his memory and proceeded to build a factory of his own this made beginning of an Industrial revolution in the United States.
Man's need for clothing has been continuously increasing since recorded history of civilization. The spinning of fiber into yarn and the weaving of cloths have been basic industries in large parts of the world. The history of inventions in the textile industry illustrates how "as new machines radically improved output in one branch of the trade, a need was straightaway felt for fresh inventions to enable other branches to catch up with the demand for their products. This industry also witnessed some of the most controversial inventions whose introduction was prohibited either by passage of laws or fearing that their introduction may lead to large scale unemployment are worth making reference.
About the Authors
Authors are associated with the Faculty of Management studies at M.L.Sukhadia University,