Introduction

Contemporary design is a non-traditional style that focuses on simple, clean, and neat lines. Batik is a wax resist fibre art. It is used to denote a particular method of applying coloured designs to fabric. This method involves covering certain sections of the designs with a substance, usually liquid wax, so that the fabric underneath retains its original colour while the material is affected with the action of the dyes.


History of Batik

From the Javanese origin the word batik is taken. The word 'ambatik' means to mark with spots or dots. In a wider sense, it signifies drawing, painting or writing. No such word is to be found in the old Javanese language, so we can conclude that batik is a word of fairly recent origin.


Batik is an ancient art that has been carried forward for thousands of years. It is practiced in countries like Indonesia, Middle East, Thailand, Africa, Malaysia, India, China, Philippines, and other countries. The exact origin of batik is not known, but it is widely common on the island of Java, Indonesia. It is believed, when the art of batik was first practiced in Java, it only belonged to royal families and wealthy people.


The Europeans were the first to learn this art. They learnt it and introduced it in their own countries. Some countries like Japan, India, China and Africa have their own style and interpretation of this art. Indians started using these techniques to translate their own ideas when they realized the importance of this art form.


Methodology: To develop this product main focus is given to creativity and transformation of traditional technique and style of designing of batik to contemporary style and pattern and experiment by mixing different technique patterns and inspirations of different places.


Objectives: A contemporary batik artist who has a workshop will have access to appropriate materials and tools. Since the requirements are few, one should acquire and employ only the very best in respect of quality. With perseverance and the development of the craft, the artist/designer can enjoy the unique value that this medium offers for self-expression.


Tradition and development

In India the main centre of batik today is on the south eastern part of Deccan plateau and the Coromandel Coast. The traditional method is used in the south-eastern Deccan where batik is combined with colouring and painting. The pen used for waxing is called 'kalam'. It consists of a metal needle set into a bamboo handle, wrapped in about 6cm (2 in) absorbents of the fibre or hair which acts as a reservoir for the molten wax.


The work of waxing is done by men who belong to the caste of indigo dyers. After the first waxing they prepare the cloth again for further waxing and painting through processes such as washing, beating and tanning. These processes are comparitively easy and are usually completed by children.