The need for interior textiles is increasing rapidly day by day, so that it provides a good scope for textile manufactures, traders and retailers, say Dr. M. Krishnakumar and D. Sureshkumar.
Interior textiles, also known as home furnishing textiles, includes specialised textiles used in homes, offices, hospitals, hotels, schools, aircraft and automobile interiors. Widely used interior fabrics include satin, brocade, corduroy, damask, matelasse, sateen, velour (heavy), velvet (heavy), calico, canvas, terry and taffetta.
How do interior textiles differ from other textiles?
Certain features differentiate interior textiles from other textile. These include:
The weight of the fabric for interiors is heavy. It is thicker since low count yarn and higher constructions of ends per inch (EPI) and picks per inch (PPI) are used.
The fabric is made wider than other fabrics to cover the wider area of interiors of buildings.
These fabrics are normally made using dyed yarns instead of dyeing fabric later, because most of the interior textile designs are made in woven designs. The designs are mostly dobby and jacquard designs.
The finishing applied is mostly functional finishes like flame resistance, soil resistance and stain resistance.
The expected durability of the interior textile can be for 10 years or more.
Interior textiles are subjected to rigid testing requirements to see how it stands up with regards to fire repellence, smoke emission and abrasion resistance.
The interior textile industry is classified into
1. Decorative textile
2. Textile floor coverings
3. Wall coverings
4. Manufactured products.
Fig. 1 Interior textile classification
1. Decorative Textiles
These are mainly used to decorate the interior of the home rather than for any functional purpose.
Decorative textiles include
(i) Upholstery (ii) Draperies (iii) Wall hangings (iv) Curtains
These are the fabrics used over furniture frames and cushions. These fabrics are subjected to greater in-use stress including being used as seating for several hours.