Mexico changes textiles & apparels labeling standards
The Mexican Ministry of Economy issued a resolution on December 23, 2011, to amend the labeling requirements of the official Mexican Standard NOM-004-SCFI 2006 for textiles and apparel – that sets out the labeling of textile products, garments, accessories and household linen, and was originally published in the Official Journal of the Mexican Federation on June 21, 2006. The new requirements became effective on February 23, 2012.
The amended requirements apply to most textile products where the textile component exceeds 50% by mass. This includes all items of clothing as well as associated accessories and household linens. However, certain disposable and household products are excluded from the labeling requirements.
The exceptions include oven gloves, disposable cleaning cloths, disposable diapers, sanitary towels, cotton buds, baby wipes and materials used for wrapping and packaging as well as electric blankets, toys manufactured from textile materials, masks, furniture, watch straps, shields, flags, zips and/or fasteners, buttons and buckles made from textile materials.
With the new amendment, all references to standard NMX-A-099-INNTEX-2005 have been replaced by NMX-A-099-INNTEX-2007 (Terminology and classification of textile fibers and filaments); and NMX-A-240-INNTEX 2004 has been replaced by NMX-A-240-INNTEX-2009 (Textile industry clothing symbols in the care instructions of textile items – specifications).
An overview of the most significant changes:
• A new definition of ornaments - as fibers or yarns that confer a visible pattern or design on yarns or fabrics.
Specification of Labels
• Under the terms of Federal Consumer Protection Laws, all the commercial information required must be submitted in Spanish, but additionally may be in any other language.
• For products containing a lining, repeating the commercial information about the lining is not necessary if the lining is made from the same material as the product.
• Where one fiber represents less than 5% of the total, it may be designated as "other." When two or more fibers are present in amounts less than 5% each, they also may be included in a total of "other". e.g. 60% Cotton 30% Polyester, 4% Polyamide, 4% elastane and 2% Acrylic, can be given as: 60% Cotton 30% Polyester, 10% Other.
• Textiles containing two or more fibers have to list each of the fibers representing 5% or more of the content. The total of this list must be exactly 100%. The term "wool" may include fibers from sheep or lambs, Angora, Cashmere and may include fibers from camel hair, alpaca, llama and vicuna, as well as reprocessed or recycled wool products.
E.g. 45% Alpaca, 55% Llama can be expressed as: 100% Wool.
• For textiles, household linen, clothing and accessories where two or more fibers are present are permitted a tolerance of 3%. This tolerance is on the mass of each of the fibers, not onthe total mass of the product. When the label on a product states 40% cotton, it may actually contain between 37% and 43% of cotton. Note that the 3% tolerance rule does not apply for products of a single fiber (e.g. 100% cotton).