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WTO Secretariat reports decline in safeguard investigations
18
Nov '08
The WTO Secretariat reported that the number of safeguard investigations initiated during the most recent period, 1 January — 12 November 2008, was 5. The number of new initiations of safeguard investigations peaked in 2002 at 34, and the figures have been generally in a declining trend.

According to these statistics, between 1 January 1995 and 12 November 2008, a total of 168 safeguard investigations were initiated, and a total of 89 safeguard measures were imposed.

The number of safeguard investigations newly initiated during the most recent period, 1 January — 12 November 2008, was five. The number of new initiations of safeguard investigations peaked in 2002 at 34, and the figures have been generally declining.

The member notifying the largest number of new initiations since 1995 is India, with 15 initiations. Turkey is next with 14 initiations, and then Jordan (12 initiations) and Chile (11 initiations). The five investigations initiated during the most recent period (1 January — 12 November 2008) were from Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, the Philippines and Turkey.

Concerning the application of final safeguard measures, during the period 1 January — 12 November 2008, five new measures were imposed. The number of final measures imposed peaked in 2003 at 15, and the figures have subsequently stayed relatively low. The six new measures imposed during the most recent period (1 January- 12 November 2008) were those by Turkey (four measures), Egypt and Ukraine.

The sectors (i.e. single Harmonized System sections) most frequently subject to the imposition of safeguard measures since 1995 are the following: chemical products (18 impositions), foodstuffs (11 impositions), and base metals and articles of base metal (11 impositions). There have been approximately 25 measures imposed on agricultural products (i.e. HS sections I — IV) during the same period.

Pursuant to Article 2.2 of the Agreement on Safeguards, safeguard measures are applied irrespective of the source of the imported product, with the exception of imports originating in developing country members excluded pursuant to Article 9.1 of the Agreement on Safeguards.

The data reported above are based on the notifications made by members in accordance with Article 12.1 of the Agreement on Safeguards, and does not include notifications of measures taken in accordance with Article 5 of the Agreement on Agriculture or Section 16 of the Protocol on the Accession of the People's Republic of China.

World Trade Organization

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