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Cotton yield soars in Rajasthan, plunges in Maharashtra
04
Nov '15
It is a story of contrast involving two cotton producing states of India. While Rajasthan is expected to have the highest cotton yield this season at 636 kg per hectare, Maharashtra's productivity is expected to a lowly 337 kg per ha, unchanged from last year, according to media reports.

The Cotton Advisory Board in its original estimates, had projected Haryana's yield would be the highest at 665 kg per ha but the recent pest attack in that state will diminish its yield considerably.
The Confederation of Indian Textile Industry's Cotton Development and Research Association which is working actively in Rajasthan, plans to raise yield in the state to 1,000 kg per ha. With higher yield, Rajasthan's production has also increased to around 170,000 bales.

On the other hand, Maharashtra has more area under the cotton crop than China in the current marketing year, but its yield level has been the lowest among India's cotton producing states.

The cotton acreage in Maharashtra is projected to exceed that of China's in the current marketing year. The International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC), estimates that while the cotton coverage in the state remained close to 42 lakh hectares in 2015-16, the entire area under cotton in China could be as low as 38 lakh hectares.

Maharashtra's yield is expected to be at the same level as last year at 337 kg per ha with prolonged dry spells hitting the stat for the second consecutive year.

Even with a relatively better monsoon in 2013-14, Maharashtra's poor yield dragged down the country's average productivity 20 per cent to 525.13 kg per ha. Despite the large acreage, Maharashra's yield has been appallingly low due to poor farm practices, inadequate irrigation network and frequent dry-spells in some regions. (SH)

Fibre2Fashion News Desk – India

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