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Three new mulberry varieties expected to boost silk output
Jul '11
The apex government body for development of sericulture and silk industry in India; Central Silk Board (CSB) has approved three new varieties of mulberry, a staple diet for silk worms. The new varieties, namely, Victory-1 (V1), Anantha and Vishala are expected to boost silk production in India and in turn reduce dependence on imports.

These three mulberry varieties have been recommended for cultivation across India, after extensive tests in 18 centres located in various agro-climatic regions.

Giving details about the new varieties to fibre2fashion, Dr SMH Quadri, Director - Central Sericultural Research & Training Institute (CSRTI), Mysore said, “CSB has recently authorized three mulberry varieties for commercial cultivation by farmers after testing different mulberry varieties developed by various Research Institutes of India under All India Coordinated Experimental Trials (Phase-II programme).

“The three mulberry varieties are; V1 (Victory one) - developed by CSRTI; Anantha - developed by Regional Sericultural Research Station, Anantapur which is under the control of CSRTI and Vishala - developed by Karnataka State Sericulture Research & Development Institute, Bangalore”.

Elaborating on the benefits to silk farmers, he said, “The mulberry varieties authorized for South Zone are high yielding with superior quality compared to the varieties being presently cultivated. Hence, higher leaf yield and in turn higher cocoon production can be realized enabling the sericulture farmers to increase their returns”.

With regards to economic benefits, he informed, “The new mulberry variety, V1 has already become very popular in South India (Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu). The yield/acre/year of the leaf is more by 6,000 kg, than the existing mulberry varieties such as K2, MR2, etc”.

“This mulberry variety will help in rearing of an additional 400 dfls silkworm, which in turn will generate additional gross revenue of Rs. 48,000” he added by saying.

When asked about the ecologically and biodiversity wise safety of these new varieties, he explained, “All the three new mulberry varieties have been developed through conventional breeding methods without involvement of transgenes and hence, they are ecologically safe”.

Fibre2fashion News Desk - India

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