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Indian govt finding reasons for dip in Bt cotton yield
18
Mar '13
The Indian Government is seriously trying to find out the reasons responsible for drop in cotton yield per hectare, as over 90 percent of the total area under cotton cultivation in the country is currently under Bt cotton, Minister of State for Agriculture and Food Processing Charan Das Mahant informed Rajya Sabha, the Upper House of the Indian Parliament.
 
India’s average Bt cotton yield was 499 kg per hectare and 491 kg per hectare in 2010-11 and 2011-12, respectively. The yield for 2012-13 is estimated to decline further to 488 kg per hectare, he said.
 
However, the Minister said the cotton production has grown from 2007-08 levels of 467 kg per hectare, and is at present satisfactory enough to meet the domestic and export demands.
 
On cost of production, he said, the cost has gone up from Rs. 2,110.53 per quintal in 2007-08 to Rs. 2,772.16 per quintal in 2012-13.
 
Mr. Mahant further informed that the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and cotton research centres have undertaken research for producing coloured cotton.
 
Jabalpur-based Jawaharlal Nehru Agriculture Institute also undertook research for growing coloured cotton, however, the yield remained limited to 50 kg per hectare.
 
Besides, villagers in some areas also tried growing brown and green cotton, but the colour of the produce faded in sun, Mr. Mahant said. Different types of seeds are required for producing such coloured cotton, he added.
 

Fibre2fashion News Desk - India

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