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China's cotton production declines in 2013
Jan '14
The China National Cotton Reserves Corporation, through its National Cotton Market Monitoring System, undertook a nationwide study on cotton production from October 20 to November 1, 2013, across 15 autonomous regions.
According to the findings, China’s cotton yield in 2013 was 94.3 kg per acre, a fall of 9.3 percent year-on-year. The national cotton sowing area also declined to 7080.9 acres, which produced 6.678 million tons of cotton, down 12.3 percent compared to the previous year.
In the Yellow River Valley, there was a slight decrease in yield, but the quality of cotton improved significantly over the previous year. The average length of cotton fibre was 28 mm and the average cotton yield was 71 kg per acre, a dip of 5.3 percent year-on-year. 
The total output in this region was 1.54 million tons, down 16.1 percent year-on-year. Among them, the yields in Shandong and Henan provinces dropped by 3.2  percent year-on-year and 3.3 percent year-on-year, respectively. Hebei province was more affected by rainfall and yield decreased by over 10 percent year-on-year and the total cotton output decreased by 20.6 percent year-on-year.
In the Yangtze River region, cotton yields saw a larger decline due to sustained high temperatures and dry weather for 7-8 months and the fibre length was shorter by 1-2 mm. The average cotton yield was 63 kg per acre, down 17.6 percent compared with a year ago period. The total output was 1.018 million tons, showing a decrease of 23 percent year-on-year. The yields in Hubei and Hunan provinces fell by 21.1 percent and 26.2 percent, while production in these provinces decreased by 27.4 percent and 28.1 percent, respectively. The decrease in cotton yields in Anhui and Jiangxi provinces were more than 15 percent year-on-year.
In Inland Northwest region, the average cotton yield was 126.3 kg per mu (1 mu=0.067 hectares), a decrease of 12.5 percent compared to the year ago period. The total cotton output in this region was 4.079 million tons, down 8.3 percent year-on-year.
In Xinjiang, cotton yields decreased by 12.7 percent year-on-year due to early frost and snow, and production fell by 8.3 percent year-on-year. In Gansu province, the weather was normal and yields were same as previous year.

Fibre2fashion News Desk - India

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