Home / Knowledge / News / Textiles / Trio receive award for breakthrough in cotton genetics research
Trio receive award for breakthrough in cotton genetics research
13
Jan '09
The team of Drs. Al Bell, Forest Robinson and Dave Stelly received the 2008 Cotton Genetics Research Award by accomplishing a major breakthrough in transferring resistance to reniform nematode from a wild cotton species to upland cotton.

The announcement was made here on January 7 during the 2009 Beltwide Cotton Improvement Conference, which convened as part of the National Cotton Council-coordinated 2009 Beltwide Cotton Conferences. In recognition, each team member will receive $400.

“This is a major accomplishment in the area of cotton genetics and one that can have significant impacts on yield and profitability,” said nominator Dr. Wayne Smith, professor and associate head in Texas A&M University's College of Agriculture and Life Sciences.

Smith wrote in his nomination letter that losses to reniform nematode can range as high as 50 percent in severely infested fields. Some authorities estimate the losses to reniform nematode to be in the order of $130 million annually, or about 500,000 bales. The reniform nematode currently causes more losses than the root-knot nematode, which traditionally has been considered the most damaging nematode in U.S. cotton.

Dr. Bell, a USDA Agriculture Research Service (ARS) research plant pathologist in College Station, initiated a program of crossing and backcrossing aimed at transferring resistance from the wild diploid species, G. longicalyx, into upland cotton so that breeders and seed companies could then breed resistance into modern, adapted cultivars.

Dr. Robinson, a USDA-ARS research zoologist in College Station, provided the nematology expertise and this team worked many years on the genetics and progeny evaluation for resistance.

Dr. Stelly, a Texas A&M professor of Molecular & Environmental Plant Sciences, joined the team to provide cytological evaluation to confirm resistance in a true tetraploid, or upland cotton, with 52 chromosomes in its somatic cells. Dr. Stelly's lab identified closely linked markers which will facilitate the identification of resistant progeny by plant breeders.

“Without these markers,” Smith noted, “the only way to identify resistant plants would be to dig each plant from the soil and go through a time consuming process of removing and counting eggs and vermiform nematodes, followed by selection for plants supporting reduced numbers.”

Another nominator, Dr. Richard Percy, research leader at the USDA-ARS Crop Germplasm Research Unit in College Station, said the germplasm developed by this team and provided to public and private breeders “offers the greatest potential for combating the recalcitrant and difficult to control reniform nematode.”

Dr. Bell, who has been with USDA since 1965, earned his B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Nebraska before teaching botany at the University of Maryland for four years. He was elected a Fellow of the American Phytopathological Society in 1988 and awarded a USDA Certificate of Merit in 1997 and in 2001-2003.

Must ReadView All

Textiles | On 27th Apr 2017

Maharashtra govt working on second textiles policy

The textiles department of the government of Maharashtra is working...

Apparel/Garments | On 27th Apr 2017

EC takes action to make garment sector more sustainable

The European Commission (EC) has presented a set of focused actions...

Textiles | On 27th Apr 2017

Seven new organisations join ZDHC Programme

The Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals (ZDHC) Programme from...

Interviews View All

Claudia Kersten
Global Organic Textile Standard

‘GOTS is a very efficient supply chain management tool, especially for...

Dharmendra Shah
Ozone PB Spintex Limited

‘We have made huge investments to ensure quality yarn production.’

Karan Toshniwal
Orange O Tec

Contemporary industry is paying more and more attention to the...

Steve Cole
Xerium Technologies

Steve Cole of Xerium Technologies discusses the industry. Xerium is the...

Kai Poehler
Voith Paper GmbH & Co. KG

The glass mat industry is growing by five to eight per cent annually. Kai...

Ashok Desai
Bombay Textile Research Association

Bombay Textile Research Association (BTRA) is a leading name in textile...

Pranav Mishra
Huemn

Designers Pranav Mishra and Shyma Shetty’s Huemn is known for its...

Robert Brunner
Devereux

Golfwear and menswear brand Devereux is set for greener pastures. Robert...

Karan Arora
Karan Arora

Bridal couture created with rich Indian heritage, exquisite craftsmanship...

Press Release

Press Release

Letter to Editor

Letter to Editor

RSS Feed

RSS Feed

Submit your press release on


editorial@fibre2fashion.com

Letter To Editor






(Max. 8000 char.)

Search Companies





SEARCH

news category


Related Categories:
April 2017

April 2017

Subscribe today and get the latest update on Textiles, Fashion, Apparel and so on.

SUBSCRIBE


Browse Our Archives

GO


E-News Insight
Subscribe Today and Get the
Latest News Update in Your Mail Box.
Advanced Search



X