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Textile dyes pose high threat to water eco-systems
11
Jul '09
Various processes used in the textile industry for processing fabrics lead to a major portion of environmental pollution. Wet processing techniques contribute the maximum to environmental pollution.

Waste water from textile industry is known to be strongly colored with large amount of suspended solids, pH, high temperature and chemical oxygen demand.

Textile manufacturing is one of the largest industrial users of process water and substantial quantities of complex chemicals.

In the industries, water is contaminated with different chemicals and auxiliaries, which are used at different processing stages in units.

About 60-360 liters of water is consumed per kg of fabric depending upon the substrate. The polluted water is harmful for flora and fauna due to high BOD, COD, pH, and temperature, color, odors, turbidity and toxic chemicals.

Our planet has been polluted for the past 150 years. Strict laws and regulations must be enacted to save the planet. If changes are not initiated now, and are not followed religiously, earth is doomed to extinction.

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