The Jute Textiles Industry occupies an important place in thenational economy. It is one of the major industries in the eastern region,particularly in West Bengal. It supports nearly 4 million farm families,besides providing direct employment to about 2.6 lakh industrial workers andlivelihood to another 1.4 lakh persons in the tertiary sector and alliedactivities. The production process in the Jute Industry goes through a varietyof activities, which include cultivation of raw jute, processing of jutefibres, spinning, weaving, bleaching, dyeing, finishing and marketing of both,the raw jute and its finished products. The Jute Industry is labour intensiveand as such its labour-output ratio is also high in spite of variousdifficulties being faced by the industry. Capacity utilization of the industryis around 75 per cent. These apart, the jute industry contributes to the exportearnings to the tune of nearly Rs. 1200 crores annually.
There are 77 composite jute mills in India, of which 60 jute millsare located in West Bengal, 3 each in Bihar and U.P., 7 in Andhra Pradesh and 1each in Assam, Orissa, Tripura and Chattisgarh. Ownership- wise division is: 6mills are under Government of India, 1 mill (Tripura) is under StateGovernment, 2 mills (Assam & New Central) are in the co-operative sector,and 68 are in private sector.