Garment manufacturing is the technology of converting 2 dimensional fabric into 3 dimensional fabric. The garment industry has become a high profile industry with lots of emphasis on the properties of garments. The properties of garments during wear are related to the type of fabrics used, the stitches employed and also the types of threads use. This paper reviews the Seam strength and Seam slippage of fabrics. Different types of stitches and different types of sewing threads and their affect on the above mentioned properties have also been reviewed.
What are Seams?
It is necessary to define the term seam at an early stage in any discussions because its application is broarder than is generally realised. In common parlance, a seam is join between two pieces of fabric. Indeed, this was the assence of the British Standard definitions of seams as contained in the 1965 version of BS 3870: schedule of stitches, seams and stitchings. The noun Stitching then apply to situation where there is only one piece of fabric, such as when fabric edges are neatened or hems created, and where decorative sewing is involved.
The current BS 3870: Part 2: 1991: Classification and Terminology of seam types and the earlier 1983 editon, define a seam as the application of series of stitches or stitch type to one or this defination to be altered, but the current definition is appropriate to present the purposes.several thickness of material. Thus the term includes virtually all sewing that goes into the garment. Perhaps in the future, the further development of non sewing methods seaming will cause.
The author is Assistant Professor and Department In-charge of the Department of Textile Technology, Sarvajanik College of Engineering & Technology, Surat.