Source: Textile Review


A brief review of the developments that have taken place in the area of fibre research, product and machinery development, nano technology ,plasma technology based fabric finishing together with property prediction modules in the global context is provided in this article.


Over the last five decades, the textile industry has witnessed unexpected growth in newer fibres (particularly synthetic fibres), spectacular developments in machine engineering, coupled with large scale applications of electronics and information technology.Fibre and textile manufacturing facilities have also undergone enormous improvements in automation and simplification.


Recent advances in computer technology have enabled the textiIe industry to implement the process automation and to achieve automatic product quality valuation as well as to improve the production speeds. Micro fibres and nano fibres have become the order of the day. The benefits of nano technology are made use of in upgradation of chemical finishes.


New technologies like fine chemicals, optical fibres, high polymer plastics and resins, temperature-resistant textile fibres, fibre-reinforced composites etc. have offered better substitutes in the form of technical textiles. Un like conventional textiles, technical textiles are used by industries of non-textile character also in high tech and high performance applications which include advertising, agriculture, automobile, aviation, pharmaceuticals etc. to name a few.


A brief review of the developments that have taken place in the area of fibre research, product and machinery development, nano technology/plasma technology based fabric finishing together with property prediction modules in the global context is provided in this article.


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About the Authors:


Authors are associated with the South India Textile Research Association, Coimbatore



Originally published in Textile Review : March 2010