Abstract

In the present paper, the researcher has simulated textile prints from sculptural designs of famous Chaturmukh Jain temple of Ranakpur. The developed designs were applied on dupatta, tops and bed sheets through screen printing technique. All the printed articles had a acceptability of and above 80%. In case of Tops, Top T3 stood first with 611 points out of 750 and had highest acceptability of 81.4%. Regarding the acceptability of the duppattas, duppatta D3 stood on first position with 658 points showing acceptability of 87.7%. In case of bedsheets, bedsheet B1, stood first in ranking order with 669 points and an acceptability of 89.2%.


Key words: Inspiration, Design, Simulation , Prints, Monuments.


Introduction:


India is a vast country with a history that goes back to diversity, rich in culture and heritage and Rajasthan is famous for its rich and profile art treasures. The art of India is one of the most distinguishing features of a collective culture. The stone carved monuments of early times reflect the Indian tradition of wood carving. The tradition of wood carving can be seen reflected even today in a number of areas where the stone carvers answer to the requirements of the religious institutions which have been responsible for maintaining this tradition and the people of Rajasthan had a strong desire to decorate their surroundings and places of worship by their creative senses and artistic skills.


The traditional monuments of Rajasthan are world famous for their sculptural decorations and intricacy in pattern. The Ranakpur Jain temple, 90 kms away from Udaipur is considered one of the biggest and beautiful temples of Northern India. Its architectural building in which graceful disposition of pillars, the sculptural decorations of the ceilings produce an excellent impact. The temple was founded by Seth Dharnashah in 1439, during the reign of Rana Kumbha of the Solanki dynasty. Its main shrine is three storyed high Chaturmukha Temple dedicated to Adinath the first Jain saint.


Art from the past is always used by the artists as a foundation for their creativity. The craftsmen of today have become aware that hundreds of motifs that are coming alive are easily adaptable from one craft to another as tradition has shown that it is the form and texture that are pre-eminently important and therefore same motifs and ornamentation may be used very effectively on any material surface.


Development in any field is essential and continuing process so is the field of traditional textiles, due to flourishing demand our commercial market has also started utilizing traditional design pattern and special techniques used in making of textile prints in desired form after necessary manipulation.


This article attempts to throw light on documentation of the traditional sculptural decorations used in Chaturmukha Jain Temple of Ranakpur, which have been used as an inspiration to develop new textile prints with pigments dyes and screen printing technique.



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The authors are associated with the Deptt. of Textiles and Apparel Designing, College of Home Science, M.P.U.A.T., Udaipur, Rajasthan, India