This paper contains an overall review of conveyor belt. It tells how conveyor belt developed, textile materials and structures used for manufacturing of conveyor belt and advantages of fabric conveyor belt over steel conveyor belt. Amongst the different fibres, the paper mainly highlights on Kevlar fibre which have excellent tensile and chemical resistant property. It also tells about the techniques and different type splicing of conveyor which is most important thing in conveyor making and a good splicing is very much needed to get better performance of a conveyor belt. It also highlights the different aspect of conveyor failure and how they can be minimized.

Keywords: Kevlar, Corded fabric, Reinforcement, Coating


Conveyor belts are flexible composite plates that when interconnected it forms an endless entity and can efficiently transfer bulk materials or parcels form one place to another. Conveyor belt systems are composed of endless belt, pulleys, idlers, electrical motors, counter weight, rigid structure and other accessories. Below diagram shows a typical conveyor belt system.

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About the Authors

Mr. Palash Paul and Mr. Debiprasad Gon are associated with Department of Textile Technology, Panipat Institute of Engineering and Technology, Pattikalyana, Panipat, India and Mr. Amit Kumar Ghosh is a Research Scholar at University of Brussels, Belgium.