Source: Textile Review


The major objectives of the study were to analyze and identify the factors affecting the production in the existing work process and to suggest alternatives for optimum productivity with minimum inputs. In view of the objectives, survey cum practical approach was adopted for the study. Purposive sampling method was used for the selection of the two trouser manufacturing units. Tools used for data collection were structured interview schedule and time study sheet.


The garment industry occupies a vital place in Indian economy and contributes substantially to its export earning. The garment industry is a labour dependent where in labour is required at each stage. Machine automation can be a solution to using less of labour inputs but, it is inevitable to remove total labour. Labour productivity can be increased by technically channelising the labour input. Work study is useful when the problems affecting production output need to be studied.


The major objectives of the study were to analyze and identify the factors affecting the production in the existing work process and to suggest alternatives for optimum productivity with minimum inputs. In view of the objectives, survey cum practical approach was adopted for the study. Purposive sampling method was used for the selection of the two trouser manufacturing units. Tools used for data collection were structured interview schedule and time study sheet.


On analysis of the data and observation it was found that excess and ineffectiveness time were the two foreign elements which hampered the productivity which need to be reduced strategically. Production target set on time study data will lead to a proper allocation of resource thereby, resulting to an optimum production.


Thus, the study undertaken would be helpful to Production Manager in setting standard output level of worker, evaluate worker's performance, plan work force need and compare work method.

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Originally Published in Textile Review, Dec-2010.


Dr. Amita Pandya is a Professor & Deepika Udeshi is a Research Student with Department of Clothing & Textiles, Faculty of Family & Community Sciences The M.S. University of Baroda, Vadodara.