The purpose of this paper is to review how present market demands can be met with application techniques simultaneously aimed at improving productivity, reduced water consumption and lower effluent loading. Some issues from different stages of the process have investigated for detailed understanding.


The demands of leading retailers in the world have undergone significant revision in recent years due to increase in number of fashion trends, range of fabrics, color changes, and environmental pressure. Todays customers are more adventurous more selective and more demanding than ever. They want a wider choice with shop and product designs to match their changing tastes. They want better quality, more information and above all greater value for money. Reduction in order size, repeat orders, lead times and high cost of energy, effluent and labour-alls are increasing production cost and reducing profit margin. The need to improve the productivity in industry is a major and global concern. As a general and maybe provocative statement it can be argued that the dyeing and finishing industry does not have a good reputation for quality and reliability. There is a mentality perhaps based on tradition of that accepts that rework is part of our normal day-to-day practice. We expect things to go wrong, and we adapt correspondingly by being very good at fire-fighting and recovering situations. For our real survival and well-being we need to work better at fault prevention. Dyeing is a complex process and detailed knowledge and understanding about the fibre, dyes, chemicals and their interaction under a system is a possible route to enable RFT in exhaust dyeing system. It is usual to consider and realize all the aspects which are directly and indirectly related with a process to make a satisfactory result but application of the knowledge come from the thinking and continuation of the realization with the adjustment of the result come from day to day experiences under a given environment emerge a system and this optimization is the key to survive in the present competitive world.

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The author is Assistant Professor in Department of Textile Engineering at Primeasia University