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declared a list of antidumping duties against the import of textile and
apparels into the country. While heated debates are occurring stating this is only
to protect the domestic industry, and a controversial statement asserting this
is a political ruse, what is the opinion of the foreign exporters, and domestic
sector is one of the major contributors of the Turkish economy with a 12.2%
average annual growth. Investments in the sector is more than USD 150 billion
of which, around 50 billion was invested during the last 5-10 years. With a
view to protect its domestic textile industry from the flooding imports, Turkey has imposed import duties on fabrics imported into the country. China will have a major impact of the duty, followed by other Asian counter parts India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Vietnam, and Indonesia.
Turkish Government received complaints from the domestic manufacturers that
textile imports into the country are hurting the local industry. Following the
investigations done, Turkey has planned to increase its import duties from July
21st onwards; this year. The Council Of Ministers proclaimed on
March 24th about implementing safeguard duties on the import of
specific fabrics, apparel, and other apparel related accessories.
rates are increased by 20% for fabrics. Rates would be from 5-33% on woven
fabrics, apparel, footwear, and other products. For apparels, duty rates vary
from country to country, starting from 0-17% for least developed countries,
till 9-36% for developed countries. Asian countries would be the most affected.
and apparels imported from Bangladesh will have a 17% duty. The country is the
second largest exporter of fabrics to Turkey, next to China. During 2010, Bangladesh shipped $650 million worth of apparels, which is more than
one fourth of Turkeys total textile imports. Trade associations from Bangladesh are insisting the Government to negotiate with Turkey to withdraw the same, or minimize
it by 10%. An 18% customs duty is imposed on denims of Pakistan increasing to total rates to 24.5%.
number of products exporter from Indonesia will have obligatory trade barriers,
making them uncompetitive in the Turkish markets as additional duties end up
pushing the price of the merchandise. For imports from Indonesia, an anti-dumping duty of 6-12% is enforced on unprocessed synthetic staple
fibres, and for woven fabrics, and apparels, the duty ranges from 18-27%.
Record reports Mirza Ikhtiar Baig, advisor to Pakistans textile ministry
saying, "Pakistan faces a loss of US$200 million. Our exports of fabric to
Turkey are worth $380 million while the total volume of trade between Turkey and Pakistan is $940 million ". The importers
will also pay provisional customs tariffs.
imposed duties will last for four full years, provided, the WTO does not
interfere. Rates approved by the Ministry are 10% lower that that proposed by
the under-secretariat of foreign trade (UFT). However, the imposed duties are
on a conditional basis until September. At the end of the nine months
investigation in September, if the UFT decides that no safeguard measures are
required, the tariffs collected so far would also be returned in full. Debates
are also going on stating that these import duties are laid by the Government
to boost its popularity during the election period, and will be waived of after
the general elections by June.
from other countries are under the urge to ship their products as early as
possible, and before July to avoid payment of additional duties. As the added
tax on the basic materials will affect the market prices, foreign exporters
fear a slash in the domestic demand for their products.
importers are also annoyed with this declaration. Though the new tariffs are
brought only to encourage the domestic industry, there are certain fabrics
which are not manufactured in Turkey, and needs to be imported. The country is
dependent on some products such as silk and cashmere. They fear that the new
tariff might result in a 20% increase of domestic textile, and apparel prices
for the coming season.
Hurriyet daily news reports Tarık Bozbey, head of the Mediterranean
Exporters Union saying, "tax rate applied on textile imports is about 10 percent, but the figure is
likely to be raised to 40 percent around the summer. Products or raw materials
that are not sufficient in the domestic market or not manufactured at all
should be exempt from taxation, while tax hikes for the rest of the products should
be implemented gradually ".
Turkey has skilled workforce, technology, and design
capabilities. Textile and apparel sector of the country contributes to 8% of
the countrys GDP, and 20% of industrial production. It is a value added
manufacturing base making its mark as a potential fashion centre. Current
safeguard measures are likely to affect all countries, except those who have
duty free access with Turkey. This will affect the clothing exports of Asian
countries, while the textile and apparel sector of Turkey will see a dramatic
3. Data source: thaitextile.org
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