Introduction


Changes are taking place very fast all over the world in all fields like, technological developments, the living styles, social environment, and the perception of people. In this changing scenario, rising expectations of the customer and open market economics are forcing businesses to compete with each other. Therefore, basic quality of the product at competitive market price is a key factor. The same holds good for Textile industry also which is one of the oldest and has a number of players all over the world. When it comes to Textile, Spinning is the key process which has been given vital importance because many of the fabric properties, working of weaving machines and weaving preparatory machines are dependant on yarn quality.


The quality of yarn produced should conform to the quality norms specified by the customer. It is equally important that this should be achieved without making any compromise in productivity, which otherwise affects the yarn costing. Quality Control is concerned with sampling, specifications and testing as well as the organization, documentation and release procedures which ensure that the necessary and relevant tests are carried out, and that materials are not released for use, nor products released for sale or supply, until their quality has been judged satisfactory. Quality Control is not confined to laboratory operations, but must be involved in all decisions which may concern the quality of the product. The independence of Quality Control from Production is considered fundamental to the satisfactory operation of Quality Control. Generally, Quality Control or Quality Assurance department is isolated from production and maintenance; it is assumed that quality is responsibility of Quality Control department. The Quality Control Department as a whole will also have other duties, such as to establish, validate and implement all quality control procedures, keep the reference samples of materials and products, ensure the correct labeling of containers of materials and products, ensure the monitoring of the stability of the products, participate in the investigation of complaints related to the quality of the product, etc. All these operations should be carried out in accordance with written procedures and, where necessary, recorded. Here an attempt is made to design the structure of Research and Development for spinning mills. To survive in competitive market and work more effectively this new structure may help a lot.


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The authors are associated with the Department of Textiles, D.K.T.E.S Textile and Engineering Institute, Ichalkaranji (MS)


Acknowledgement:


The authors are very much thankful to the management of Textile & Engineering Institute, Ichalkaranji for the support and encouragement given to us time to time.