This article focuses on some of the management tools required inVaranasi for people engaged in silk weaving (hand loom, power loom and shuttleless looms) industry who needs some knowledge about management Philosophy's/tools(Total quality management, Six Sigma, Kaizen, Lean Manufacturing, 5S) forfurther making profit as well as to become organized sector for bettercompetition across globe. Visits across areas of Varanasi shows that weaversare busy in their production with either handloom, power loom or Chinese maderapier looms though they are working in a better way and earning better profit.By training them/qualified people with the following Philosophy's tools andtechniques of Management they may show much better performance, they are asfollows:
Total Quality management (TQM)
TQM focuses on continuous improvement of the quality of productsand processes. It functions on the responsibility of everyone who is involvedwith the creation or consumption of the products or services offered by anorganization. It shows the involvement of management, workforce, suppliers, andeven customers, in order to meet or exceed customer expectations. The identifiedthe nine common TQM practices as cross-functional product design, processmanagement, supplier quality management, customer involvement,information and feedback, committed leadership, strategicplanning, cross-functional training, and employee involvement.
Six Sigma is Motorola'sdrive towards reducing defects by minimizing variation in processes. Thistechnique improves the quality of process outputs by identifying and removingthe causes of defects (errors) and minimizing variability in manufacturing and business processes. Ituses a set of qualitymanagement methods (such as statistical methods)and creates employees of Black Belts, Green Belts etc. who are experts in thesemethods. Each Six Sigma project carried out within an organization follows adefined sequence of steps and has quantified financial targets toward costreduction or profit increase.
The term Six Sigma originated from terminology associated withmanufacturing process is one in which 99.99966% of the products manufacturedare statistically expected to be free of defects (3.4 defects per million).
Mr. D.Sargunamani, Jayanta Ghose and Dinesh Tomar are associated with Textile TestingLaboratory, CSTRI, Central Silk Board, IIHT campus, Varanasi and H.S. HanumantaNaik and Dr. S. S. Ramatal are from Dept. of Textile Technology, GSKSJTI, K.R. Cirlce,Bengaluru