This article focuses on some of the management tools required in Varanasi for people engaged in silk weaving (hand loom, power loom and shuttle less looms) industry who needs some knowledge about management Philosophy's/tools (Total quality management, Six Sigma, Kaizen, Lean Manufacturing, 5S) for further making profit as well as to become organized sector for better competition across globe. Visits across areas of Varanasi shows that weavers are busy in their production with either handloom, power loom or Chinese made rapier looms though they are working in a better way and earning better profit. By training them/qualified people with the following Philosophy's tools and techniques of Management they may show much better performance, they are as follows:
Total Quality management (TQM)
TQM focuses on continuous improvement of the quality of products and processes. It functions on the responsibility of everyone who is involved with the creation or consumption of the products or services offered by an organization. It shows the involvement of management, workforce, suppliers, and even customers, in order to meet or exceed customer expectations. The identified the nine common TQM practices as cross-functional product design, process management, supplier quality management, customer involvement, information and feedback, committed leadership, strategic planning, cross-functional training, and employee involvement.
Six Sigma is Motorola's drive towards reducing defects by minimizing variation in processes. This technique improves the quality of process outputs by identifying and removing the causes of defects (errors) and minimizing variability in manufacturing and business processes. It uses a set of quality management methods (such as statistical methods) and creates employees of Black Belts, Green Belts etc. who are experts in these methods. Each Six Sigma project carried out within an organization follows a defined sequence of steps and has quantified financial targets toward cost reduction or profit increase.
The term Six Sigma originated from terminology associated with manufacturing process is one in which 99.99966% of the products manufactured are statistically expected to be free of defects (3.4 defects per million).
Mr. D. Sargunamani, Jayanta Ghose and Dinesh Tomar are associated with Textile Testing Laboratory, CSTRI, Central Silk Board, IIHT campus, Varanasi and H.S. Hanumanta Naik and Dr. S. S. Ramatal are from Dept. of Textile Technology, GSKSJTI, K.R. Cirlce, Bengaluru