Abstract


Globalization of industries is a defining trend of our time. The textile and apparel industry, in particular, is one of the most globalizing industries in today's world. The apparel manufacturers are faced with the challenges of designing fashionable garments with multiple styles in short runs, managing stock levels, improving delivery speeds, achieving flexibility and versatility and ensuring consistent quality. They also have to produce clothing cost effectively for a market which is supplied largely from countries with very low wage rates. Most of the works in industries are carried manually but to sharpen the competitive edge the industry has to necessarily invest in automation to meet the global standards. It is not only labour problem due to which one should go for automatic machines but also the quality and consistency factor. The main objective of automation is to broadly focus upon reducing manpower and costs, achieving better and consistent quality and increasing productivity. Besides these broad advantages, there are many more benefits of using automated machines such as energy saving, less spare parts, less maintenance cost, less space requirement in production line, reduced handling, better WIP control, reduced operator stress and fatigue, easy production accountability, reduced alteration etc.


Introduction


Automation is the use of control systems such as computers to control the industrial machinery and processes replacing human operators. Whereas mechanisation provides human operators with machineries to assist them with the physical requirements of work, automation greatly reduces the need for human sensory and mental requirement as well.


Today's world is known as an era of technical evolution, where most of the manual works are being replaced by automated and semi-automated machines. These machines have improved the quality of the product and efficiency of the plant. When upgrading the technology, one should be aware of constraints that would subsequently be faced in the entire production system. In fact to achieve the benefits of automation, it is essential to integrate the automatic machines with the production layout. It has been found that the level of automation in apparel manufacturing has been directly related to the cost of labour.


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The authors have completed their Bachelors in Fashion Technology, Apparel Production from National Institute of Fashion Technology. Yogesh is currently working at Textile Sourcing and Services Pvt. Ltd., Bangalore as Technical and Quality Officer and Jaideep Singh works at Lifestyle, Bangalore as Assistant Concept Manager for Men's Apparel Division at Oasis Mall, Bangalore