Textile industry is one of the oldest and largest organized industries in India. Indian textile industry is not only the oldest industries in the country but also one of the major industries providing employment and earning foreign exchange for the country. The technological development has enabled the textile industry to produce numerous types of yarns and fabrics with special appearance by varying structure and product (Deepak et al., 2003).

Weft knitting, especially circular knitting, occupies a prime place. Weft knit fabrics are highly elastic and highly extensible and high elasticity gives a shape filling property to the fabric with greater freedom of movement and high crease resistance (Textile Association, 2004). It is well known that weft knitted fabrics tend to undergo large changes in dimensions and are often prone to distortion upon repeated laundering. A large number of factors are responsible for causing these undesirable effects in knitted structures. These are all associated with the yarn, knitting, finishing and making up of the fabrics. It is also a fact that consumers are becoming increasingly concerned and aware of fabric quality and expect higher standards of performance than ever before, even after a number of wash and dry cycles, state Anand et al. (2002).

Efforts are being made to make knitted fabric more comfortable by changing the loop length, structure, giving different relaxation treatments and post knitting finishes with the following objectives

  • To study the effect of different pretreatments, finishes and relaxation treatments on the mechanical and comfort properties of Honeycomb fabric.

  • To investigate the changes in geometrical and dimensional properties of Honeycomb knitted fabric.

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This article was originally presented in ATNT 2007 held on 18-20, June 2007 at Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore, India. The authors of the article are associated with Avinashilingam Deemed University.