or Enterprise Resource Planning has been in Apparel and Textile industry for
quite a long time. The need of ERP came when industry required smarter way of
working and reducing data redundancy. The beginning of ERP started in 1960s
when an open loop MRP (Material Requirement Planning) was introduced. This MRP
was linked to Bill of Material and Inventory Master File. This MRP was able to
release Purchase Orders, Work Orders and Rescheduling Notices based on Planned
Order. The major drawback in this system was the control or check points. To
come out of these problems in 1970s, came into existence closed loop MRP. This
model of MRP was able to check the capacity requirements before generating any
kind of Purchase or Work Order. But still it use to work in isolation of the
Business Plan Financial and Marketing. This resulted in MRP II in 1980s
which on the constraint of Marketing and Financial Planning use to run the
closed loop MRP. Still the industry felt the need that all the resources of an
enterprise need to be integrated which gave birth to ERP and as a result all Enterprise wide resources were on single platform working for optimization
with better planning.
early ERP used client server methodology where the client systems use to have
an application installed that could fetch the information from the server. With
the birth of internet ERP was pushed one more step in 2000s where no
installation of client application was required and the ERP moved to Web. With
the birth of Cloud computing and highly complex mobile devices, ERP became
faster and easily accessible.
ERP in Apparel or Textile industry?
Apparel and Textile industry is really complex. Not like automotive industry
where the variants of a Single car run on a single assembly line for decades,
apparel and textile industry sees a lot of variation every minute. With
introduction of new production systems like Lean and Modular which have been
successful in Automotive, Apparel and Textile industry also got into the trend
of same. Companies like LT Karle, Gokaldas Exports, Laguna, ITC and many other
went on to take initiatives on Modular, Lean and Just in Time Manufacturing
concepts. All the above mentioned systems required focus on reducing Work In
Progress and Waste and Increasing initiative on operator training. To support
manufacturing system many Solutions to Apparel and Textile Industry are being
proposed; right from Material Handling, Material tracking to ERP.
the competition is increasing and margins and timelines are being reduced,
people in Apparel and Textile Industry have started realizing that need for
cost control and utilizing the Enterprise wide resources to the maximum have
become essential. ERP comes as a rescue to all these issues.
Components of ERP
the Right ERP.!!
the competition is increasing in Textile and Apparel Industry; the ERP market
has also seen the same. There are generic ERPs like SAP, Oracle, JD Edwards,
Peoplesoft, and Microsoft Dynamics/Xapta etc which cater to all the industries
worldwide. Then there are ERP specific to Apparel and Textile Industry like
Datatex, Intex, WFX, RDPL, etc.
Datatex One of the oldest ERP in Textile and Apparel
sector started way back in 1986 with over 450 implementations all around the
globe. Many large organizations in India like Arvind, BRFL, Vardhaman, Bhilwara
Group run on Datatex ERP. With the success of implementation on AS400 platform,
Datatex moved to Web in the year 2004. This allowed them to cater a whole large
audience around the globe. The product is positioned on Small, Medium and Large
WFX World Fashion Exchange started off in the year
2000. The company has a well known implementation success story in Gokaldas
Exports. It started off with an EDP/EDI product for all Fashion Agents in India along with Brands. They rolled out the ERP in 2004 and ERPII in 2007. The product is
positioned on Small and Medium Scale organizations and only Apparel sector.
RDPL Royal Datamatics Private Limited is known for
their product called as APPS. They have done a no. of Implementations in and
around the NCR in India. The product is positioned on Small Scale Organizations
and only Apparel sector.
Implementation in Apparel and Textile Industry
Implementation has the following phases in any industry
Process Study Phase (AS IS Phase)
Print Phase (TO BE Phase)
Iteration Phase I
and Reports Development
Iteration Phase II
- Prepare and Go Live
as Apparel and Textile Industry is not that organized till now in India, ERP implementation usually start with a time line of 6 months and get extended. The
Apparel and Textile industry usually face a problem of change management which
leads to Core Team of implementation being changed every now and then.
key success of ERP implementation in Textile and Apparel Industry is full
involvement of Business Process Owners and a Core Team from client side which
is having deep knowledge of their business process. To ramp up the
implementation process the core team must have on time implementation as one of
Implementation team must have a Pro Active Project manager and at least one
Consultant for each module with deep insight on business process of the
Industry. The consultants should have knowledge on best practices being
followed in the industry.
Increases Data Entry: The truth is
ERP does not increase data entry; but ERP asks the end user to enter each and
every detail which the users in earlier way of working use to write it down in
his/her dairy. The data to be entered in the ERP makes the life of the C-Level
much more easier as they get a clear picture on the status of Orders and
is better than ERP: ERP and Excel
cannot be compared and they should not be. During ERP implementation the
consultants face lot of problem in this Myth. Actually Excel is nothing but a
record keeping tool or calculation tool. It behaves in manner a particular user
wants to. ERP is a system on which behaves in a manner set by organization. In
excel users can change value or calculation any time they want; but is this
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