wet processing sector of the textile industry is considered to impact the
environment the maximum through the discharged effluent in waste water and the
quantity of water consumed. This paper presents the best available technology
that can be implemented by the textile processing industry to reduce the impact
on the environment in the coming decade. It also reports the R & D initiatives
and activities of different textile related companies to reduce the impact on
worldwide textile fibre demand is approximately 68.5 million tons in 2009 according
to European Man-made Fibres Association . The fibres are generally processed
further through a number of small sectors. The textile industry is mostly
fragmented and dominated by SMEs. The sectors are further divided into sub -sectors,
covering the entire production cycle. The main environmental concerns in the
textile industry is the amount of water discharged during dyeing, printing and
finishing operations and the chemical load it carriers that is toxic to the
human life and environment. Other important issues are energy consumption, air
emissions, solid waste discharge and odours. Protection of the environment
from the textile wastes discharged is broadly considered at 2 stages. First
stage is at the source of effluent generation.
This article was
originally presented at the 'International
Conference on Textiles: A Decade Ahead' organized
by the North India Section of Textile Institute and Department of Textile
Technology, IIT Delhi on 9-10th September, 2011.
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