Dhotis are woven in shuttle looms to get conventional selvedge for neat appearance and better stability. It is a cross border fabric consist of, generally, plain body and rib border. It can be woven using cross border dobby. However loom speed will be limited when using dobby in general and particularly cross border dobby than tappet shedding. It will lead to production loss.


Thereby it is better to use tappet shedding, modified suitably to produce body and border design, to produce dhoti. It won't affect the speed and production. This is possible because of using plain weave in the body and simple rib weave in border most of the cases.


1. Introduction


Weaving is defined as the process of interlacement of the warp and weft yarn to produce woven fabric. It has three primary motions namely shedding, picking, and beat- up. The machine used for weaving is called as loom. Hand looms and power looms are two types of loom used to produce woven fabrics. Further, power looms can be classified into three categories. They are plain power looms, automatic shuttle looms and shuttleless looms. Dhotis are woven in shuttle looms to get conventional selvedge for better stability.


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About the Author:


P Arunkumar is associated with the Department of Textile Technology at the A.C College of Technology, Anna University, Chennai 600 025