The textile industry should produce the superior quality fabric with zero defects as per the quality standard & market requirement. The aim of this work is to study causes and remedies of buckling which is a most common fault occurred on all types of weaving machines. The buckling creates various defects in fabric which will give seconds quality of cloth. The percentages of buckling, for different parameters, were also examined on various looms.


In globalize market; the goal of any textile mill is to make profit. The decrease in quality of product may hammer the organization performance.


Manufacturing processes of fabric at different looms differ in the application of pick insertion method. The pick insertion requires a proper control on weft during insertion ensures its concentration, but the losses of weft control significantly cause the weft defect called buckling.


The buckling is a dynamic deformation of weft during filling insertion, which modeled as nonlinear dynamic deformation, because the weft not applied in straight manner so that fabric completely specified as a defective fabric.


The buckling may cause by


1.      Improper tension within weft.

2.      Application of dynamic force during filling insertion.

3.      Method of weft insertion.


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This article was originally published in the Textile Review magazine, February, 2013, published by Saket Projects Limited, Ahmedabad.


About the Author:


S.G. Gaikwad is the Selection Grade Lecturer at the Department of Textile Manufacture at the Govt. Polytechnic Nagpur & Sandhya Meshram DTM Govt. Polytechnic, Nagpur