Bamboo fiber is one of the new generation cellulosic fibers which are extracted from bamboo plants. It can be bast fiber or regenerated fibers based on its process of extraction. Bamboo fibers are getting very popular these days because of its unique properties in term of feel, comfort, natural shine, and its anti UV and antibacterial properties.
Botanically bamboo is a variety of grass. It belongs to the subfamily Bambusoideae of the family Poaceae. It is one of the fastest growing plants. Bamboos are found in tropical, sub-tropical or temperate zones which mainly consist of South Asia, south East Asia, South America and south east portion of the United States. The main country producing bamboo fibers is China. Mostly Phyllostachys pubescens and similar species are used to produce bamboo fibers. Phyllostachys pubescens is known as Moso bamboo in China.
Major content of bamboo fiber is cellulose. The cellulose content increases from raw bamboo to fiber during fiber production process. 90% of the dry weight of the fiber comprises of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin.