With increasing population and subsequently food demand, the arable land is limited and this will result into food crisis. Naturally, the demand for textile fibres will also increase. But in future, cotton production will be stagnant because of the limited availability of arable land.
Regenerated cellulose fibers are not new to the world of textile fibers but they are probably the most misunderstood of all fibres. It is not a natural fibre, yet it is not synthetic. It is a fibre formed by regenerating materials of natural origin into a usable form and hence regenerated cellulosic fibre.
Viscose is an ideal substitute for cotton because of their physiological advantages when viewed in comparison to synthetic fibers. The physiological performance of cellulose fibres - cotton or man-made - is unmatched by any other man-made fibre.
They are hydrophilic and stand for absorbency and breathability. These inherent physiological fibre properties are ideal for moisture management. This function ensures an adequate temperature balance on the skin, especially where textiles touch the skin.
Compared to natural fibres, viscose fibres can be modified in its thickness and other properties like length. Viscose fibre however, in combination with its ability of moisture absorbance and fine fineness offer the best wearing comfort of all fibres. Also, these fibers are easily dyed in a wide range of colours.
Different to petroleum-based synthetic fibres (polyester etc) viscose fibres are ideal in all fields of application; whether in the textile or garment industry for woven and knitted fabrics or in nonwovens & industrial products.
Regenerated cellulose fibres are extremely sustainable fibres. These high-purity cellulose fibres are obtained from sustainably managed forests.
Compared with cotton, wood has the advantages of low water
consumption, reduced pesticide use and produces up to 10 times the amount of
cellulose per hectare and these fibres are 100% biodegradable. In comparison to
cotton, regenerated cellulose fibers they have some important assets:
Global Viscose Scenario:
An increase in world population and global GDP, growing fiber demand per capita and the stagnation or reduction of arable land for cotton growing are all factors that will affect the ability of cotton to meet the global requirements.
The demand for viscose has increased by CAGR of 11% in the last five years (2008-12). Thus, the viscose fibre business has annual average growth rates exceeding many other fibres including polyester staple.