The production and consumption of natural fibres like cotton, wool, silk, and linen have been known to the textile industry. But the little known fact is that with new developments in the field of fibre technology, use of fruits to extract fibres from to make fabrics, has been one of the unique innovations in the recent times. Fibres of coconut, pineapple, sugarcane, and banana are being used to produce fabrics that are eco-friendly and sustainable.


Pineapple fibre

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The much savored fruit is now being used for making textile materials. However, it is not the fruit but the leaves that are used to make the fibre. The fibre from the leaves is obtained either by manually retting the leaves under water or by mechanically extracting them. The remains of the pineapple fruit contain high amount of lignin and cellulose. The fibres extracted from the fruit have silk like luster and possess cream color. They are finer than jute, have good anti-bacterial, and dyeing properties.


Blending pineapple fibres because of its silk like qualities with polyester and silk have found new utilities in the textile industry. Moreover, features like high strength, biodegradability, and affordable pricing make the pineapple leaf fibre a good source for manufacturing technical textiles too. Fabrics made from this delicious fruit are soft, weigh light, are easy to take care of and wash. Philippines is the largest producer of pineapple fibre in the world. The fibre is used to manufacture upholsteries, home textiles, and garments, non-woven, and technical textile fabrics.


Banana fibre


Another new kind of natural fibre is obtained from the banana plant. The bark of the banana tree is being used to make fibres. The average fineness of the banana fibre is 2380Nm and the standard length of the fibre is 60mm. The banana fibre consists of cellulose, lignin, and hemicelluloses. These fibres look very similar to bamboo and ramie fibres but the smoothness of the banana fibres is far more superior. Until recently banana fibres did not have a wide scope of applications. They were being used to manufacture products like ropes, mats, and other composite materials. However, with the recent and growing demand for eco-friendly textile fabrics, the importance of banana fibres is rising. One can find garments made out of the fibres along with neck ties, cushion covers, table cloths, and curtains. Physical properties of banana fibres like strong moisture absorption, natural shine, high strength, and small elongation make it ideal for apparel production.