The local, national and international economies are continuously expanding to compete at a higher level. This expansion has further invigorated the concept of globalisation. There is no dearth of names (involving large, medium and small scale businesses) that are actively discovering the international markets. The earlier constraints of physical and geographical boundaries have also been removed with e-retail. Globalisation has made every sector its part and any qualms in accepting this process inevitably results in lack of growth.
The sector of textile and clothing has become grand and magnificent today, all thanks to the globalisation. The competition in textile and clothing industry is immense and even those who are averse to the idea of globalisation cannot avoid being part of it. As a matter of fact, globalisation has deeply influenced the textile and clothing industry. The national and international trade policies, the cost of labour, the overall cost of manufacturing apparel, the quality of garments and the access to various markets, the world of fashion, every single idea of textile and apparel is affected by globalisation.
One of the major impacts of globalisation has been the changes in geographical distribution of textile and apparel manufacturing. The brands are focusing on cutting the cost of manufacturing and for this more and more sub-contracts are being given to textile manufacturers based in developing countries like China, India, Bangladesh, et al. This has resulted in employment losses in some regions of Europe and United States of America. This shift from developed to developing countries has also altered the working conditions.
In last quarter of 2012, a fire accident was reported in a Bangladeshi textile factory, following which, in early 2013 a textile factory in Bangladesh collapsed claiming lives of many. The textile industry's working conditions in many developing countries are similar. However, strict rules from the brands giving contracts are gradually changing the scenario for better. The developing countries long for positive attention of luxury brands, thus these countries are now becoming stern with regard to work place safety.
Thus, it wouldn't be incorrect to say that globalisation is responsible for a substantial rise in the level of global employment. It is estimated that the number of workers in textile and clothing along with footwear industry are close to 23.6 million globally. The data with regard to employment in textile's informal sector is calculated to be almost five to ten times higher. The only flaw in this rise is that the informal sector is developing at much faster pace than formal sector.
Thus, employment in formal sector establishments has negligibly changed in past decade, whereas the earnings by and large in the industrialised countries have risen. Globalisation has increased employment in Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Korea, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. It has been reported that China employs around 5.3 million workers in textile and clothing sector, which is the highest in the world.