There is no doubt that China's textile industry is one of the largest in the world. It is also one of the largest consumer and producer of textiles and apparels across the globe. The North West province of the country popularly known as the Xinjiang region has gained importance, not just within China, but around the world. The area is a semi-arid range and enjoys a cool weather which makes it ideal for the production of cotton.


The dragon nation is the largest exporter of cotton in the world. Xinjiang contributes to over 30 percent of the entire nation's production becoming the top cotton producing state. The province of Shihezi in Xinjiang is one of the primary producing areas of the crop. Another unique feature of the cotton of the Xinjiang is that it is extremely soft especially when woven into the length of a cloth. The long staple variety of crop from the Xinjiang region has an average length of 4 cm.


The Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XICC) is home to 175 regiment farms, which makes it the largest producer of cotton in the region and contributed an output of 42 percent in 2013. The drip water irrigation systems in the province help cultivate a rich crop of cotton to fulfil its global demand. The increasing amount of support through government subsidies provided to the region has given a strong boost to the cotton production.


The government now plans to expand the textile sector of the region by taking a step ahead. China plans to invest more than a billion dollars in the Uyghur region of Xinjiang. The region is set to witness a makeover worth $ 3.2 billion. Facilities like textile and industrial parks, latest technology, and subsidies for textile enterprises are to be provided. This is expected to create 1 million jobs in the textile industry within the next ten years.


The attempts to support Xinjiang are also to develop the poor communities residing in the region by providing them financial and social stability. The central government wishes to lure more textile manufacturers since changes in the cotton policy may also result into drop in cotton prices of Xinjiang. Beijing also plans to keep the output of cotton stable in Xinjiang to attract garment producers and empower local employment. Special importance is being given by the government to projects relevant to printing, dyeing, finishing, cotton textiles, knitting, and hand crafted carpets. To improve manufacturing conditions and invite garment makers, provisions such as financing, lower taxes, and operating subsidies will also be provided by the government.


Many Chinese apparel manufacturing companies had started moving their production base to Vietnam and other countries in Asia owing to increasing labour prices within the country. By vertically integrating the Xinjiang region from cotton production to manufacturing finished apparels, the government plans to develop this otherwise poor area. The development in these regions is aimed to lure apparel makers to manufacture labour intensive garments in Xinjiang and avoid outsourcing.