Computers and textiles have become an important part of everyday life, say B Deepti Reddy, Ayodya Kavitha and Dr J Hayayadana.

Once upon a time, and for centuries thereafter, computers did not have anything to do with textile production, especially handlooms. This was the era before computers developed and in the early decades of their existence. With increase in demand for textiles, use of computers in textile production has reduced time and effort taken to produce fabric and increased production. Technological developments have helped qualitative and quantitative changes in textiles.

Computers are used for their speed, power and versatility. They facilitate quick computations and precise solutions, saving time. A set of instructions and procedures address the task to be performed, speeding up production and avoiding slower manual work.

Computers are widely used in various departments of the textile industry.

User-friendly operating systems in spinning:

Most operations are controlled through user-friendly operating systems, such as push buttons, electronic screens and electronic stop motions. Electronic screens provide data such as number of bales plucked during a single passage, length of sliver in carding, controls of the machine to be conveyed to another worker and length and diameter of the yarn. Push buttons provide easy access to control the machine. Electronic stop motions stop the machine during any breakage, reducing losses.Touch screens are the most recent trend in operating these machines.

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Fig 1: Electronic screen on a carding machine showing sliver properties