Bamboo Fibers and Its Applications

Written by: S. Kathiresan

Green & Biodegradable


As a regenerated cellulose fiber; bamboo fiber is 100% made from bamboo through a high-tech process. The raw material bamboo is well-selected from non-polluted regions in Yunnan and Sicuan Province, China. They are all 3-4 years old new bamboo, of good character and ideal temper. The whole distilling and production process is a relatively green process without pollution. The supplier company manufactures bamboo fiber strictly according to ISO 9000and ISO 14000.


More important, bamboo fiber is a unique biodegradable textile material. As a natural cellulose fiber it can be 100% biodegraded in soil by micro organisms and sunshine. The decomposition process does not cause any pollution in the environment. "Bamboo fiber comes from nature and completely returns to nature in the end" Bamboo fiber is praised as "the natural, green and ecofriendly new type textile material of 21st century".


Natural Anti-Bacteria


It is a common fact that bamboo can thrive naturally without using any pesticide. Scientists found that bamboo owns a unique anti -bacteria and bacteriostatic bio-agent named "bamboo Kun". This substance is combined with bamboo cellulose during the process of being manufactured into bamboo fiber.


Bamboo fiber has particular and natural functions of anti-bacteria, bacteriostatic and deodorization. It is validated by Japan Textile Inspection Association that even after fifty times of washing bamboo fiber fabric still possesses excellent function of anti-bacteria. Its test result show over 70% elimination rate after bacteria being incubated on bamboo fiber fabric.


Bamboo fibers natural anti-bacteria function differs greatly from that of chemical antimicrobial .The later often tend to cause skin allergy when added to apparel.


Bamboo Fiber Gives Your Skin a Chance to Breath Free


What is notable of bamboo fiber is its unusual ability to breathe and its coolness. Because the cross-section of the bamboo fiber is filled with various micro-gaps and micro-holes, it has much better moisture absorption and ventilation.


With this unparalleled micro-structure, bamboo fiber apparel can absorb and evaporate human sweat in a split second. Just like breathing, such garments make people feel extremely cool and comfortable in the hot summer.


It is never sticking to skin even in hot summer. According to authoritative testing figures, apparels made from bamboo fibers are 1-2 degrees lower than normal apparels in hot summer. Apparel made from bamboo fiber is crowned as Air Conditioning Dress.


The Applications of Bamboo Fiber


Bamboo fabrics are made from pure bamboo fiber yarns which have excellent wet permeability, moisture vapour transmission property, soft hand, better drape, easy dying and splendid colours. It is a newly founded, great prospective green fabric.


 

1. Bamboo intimate apparels


It include sweaters, bath -suits, mats, blankets, towels have comfortable hand, special lustre and bright colours, good water absorbance. Bamboo fiber has a unique function of anti-bacteria, which is suitable to make underwear, tight t-shirt and socks. Its anti-ultraviolet nature is suitable to make summer clothing, especially for the protection of pregnant ladies and young children from damages of ultraviolet radiation.


2. Bamboo non-woven fabric


It is made by pure bamboo pulp, which has similar properties as viscose fibers have. However, bamboo has wide prospects in the field of hygiene materials such as sanitary napkin, masks, mattress, food packing bags due to its anti -bacteria nature.


3. Bamboo sanitary materials


It includes bandages, masks, surgical clothes, nurse swears and so on. The bamboo fiber has a natural effect of sterilization and bacteriostatic and therefore it has incomparably wide foreground on application in sanitary material such as sanitary towels, gauze mask, absorbent pads, and food packing and so on. In the medical scope, it can be processed into the products of bamboo fiber gauze, operating coat and nurse dresses etc. Because of the natural antibiosis function of the bamboo fiber the finished products need no adding of any artificial synthesized antimicrobial agent. Therefore bamboo fiber products will not cause skin allergies and at the same time it has a competitive advantage in the market.


4. Bamboo bathroom series


It enjoys good moisture absorption, soft feel and splendid colours as well as anti-bacteria property which are very popular in home textiles. Bamboo towels and bath robes have a soft and comfortable hand feeling and excellent moisture absorption function. Its natural anti biosisfunction keeps bacterium away so that it will not produce bad odour.


5. Bamboo decorating series


It has the functions of antibiosis, bacteriostatic and ultraviolet-proof. They are very advantageous for utilization in the decorating industry. Along with the badly deterioration of atmosphere pollution and the destruction to the ozonosphere ultraviolet radiation rays are more and more becoming a problem for human beings. Long-time exposure to ultra violet radiation will cause skin cancer. Wallpapers and curtains made from bamboo fiber can absorb ultraviolet radiation in various wavelengths thus they lessen the harm to the human body. More important, bamboo decorating products will not go moldy due to damp. Curtains, television covers, wall papers and sofa slip covers can all be made from bamboo fibers.



The author is associated with Department of Fashion Technology, Angel College of Engineering and Technology, Tirupur