Bio-composites

Kavita H. Sundakar

In today's world, there is an increasing demand towards component materials that are durable, lightweight, and reliable and with mechanical properties that are significantly better than those of the traditional materials. It is preferable if these materials are eco-friendly and bio-degradable at the same time. Biocomposite materials have shown signs of satisfying most of the above conditions. We shall focus primarily on the recent trends and developments in Biocomposites as applied to the medical and building industry, in this paper. The advantage of using biocomposite material is that it is eco-friendly. The concept of a green kitchen, benefits of using biocomposite material such as wood cement fibers, cement fibers and sisal fibers have been discussed. Their applications have also been highlighted.


Introduction


The term 'Biocomposites' refers to those composites that can be employed in bioengineering. Composites are those materials that contain two or more distinct constituent phases, on a scale larger than the atomic. The constituents of the composite retain their identities in the composite. In other words, they do not dissolve or otherwise merge completely into each other although they act in concert. Properties such as the elastic modulus can be significantly different from those of the constituents alone, in composites. But they are considerably altered by the constituent structures and contents. Composites are anisotropic in nature from a structural point of view.



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About the Author:


Kavita H. Sundakar is a Final FT B.Text student of the D.K.T.E Society's Textile and Engineering Institute, Ichalkaranji.