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Managing Director Grameen Knitwear Ltd.
What do you have to say about the green project?
Green project has a broader aspect. Infrastructure, machinery and every production process's prime consideration is to be environment friendly by using sustainable building materials to produce products, using less energy, less natural resources, by using renewable energy and biodegradable materials.
What do you mean by the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)? How is your company trying to achieve the CDM benefit?
The CDM allows emission-reduction projects in developing countries to earn certified emission reduction (CER) credits, each equivalent to one tonne of CO2. These CERs can be traded and sold, and used by industrialized countries to meet a part of their emission reduction targets under the Kyoto Protocol.
The mechanism stimulates sustainable development and emission reduction, while giving industrialized countries some flexibility in how they meet their emission reduction limitation targets.
The CDM is the main source of income for the UNFCCC Adaptation Fund, which was established to finance adaptation projects and programs in developing country parties to the Kyoto Protocol that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. The Adaptation Fund is financed by a 2% levy on CERs issued by the CDM.
Partially we have changed our dyeing process where we can save water, steam, electricity & chemical consumption at least 40-50%. Carbon emission reduction is there. To get the CDM benefit by Grameen Knitwear, all technical processes have been completed, validation of the project has already completed by a competent Japanese company for registration clearance from the government is required. It is under progress hope we shall get registration soon and this will be history as pioneering company in Bangladesh achieving CDM benefit in Textile industry.
What measures are taken by the textile industry for sustainable development?
In Bangladesh due to textile dyeing industries, the main negative impact afflicting the local environment severely is the hazards caused by dye effluents, which contain both chemical and organic pollutants. These are highly toxic.
First of all manufacturers are keen to set up proper Effluent Treatment Plant.
Checking is going on for all factories by competent authorities and organizations to ensure that the building and infrastructure is safe to improve the quality of working conditions for workers and reduce pollution of the local environment and water sources. Project has taken eco-friendly textile village with central utility supply and central Effluent Treatment Plant.
Seminars, training, workshops has been going on round the year to develop awareness about the social, economical and ecological benefits of environmentally sustainable products and development processes. Therefore, care for the environment must influence the supply chain to use Sustainable Processes, run business operations in an environmentally friendly way, work to conserve energy and reduce waste and exploring and implementing sustainable textile materials and products through sustainable design approach.
Do textile companies undergo the restructuring of the organization and machineries to practice sustainability? What other changes does the textile industry undergo to practice sustainability?
Yes, when some factory is going for expansion/changing machine/setting new project they are keeping in mind the sustainability issue. New factories are setting up with proper and efficient design. Earlier factories were established in an unplanned way, but now owners are making master plans before starting their work. New entrees are very cautious with selection of machines. High productivity, energy efficient machines are now the priority.
What factors of sustainability are kept in mind while manufacturing textile products? From raw materials to the finished goods, what measures are implied for sustainability?
From fiber to finished goods, every supply and value chain stage should be less environment haggard, use less energy and resources, have safe & healthy working conditions that are more worker friendly.
Do you think that the quality of the product is improvised due to sustainable measures?
Sustainability activities are a positive way forward so it has a positive impact on product quality.
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