Synthetic fibre offers many advantages - AiF project

July 02, 2009 - Germany

Many wearers of high-quality business clothing still consider wool to be the ultimate fabric - and incorrectly so. Modern synthetic fibres, whose properties can be designed by targeted processes, offer numerous advantages as compared to natural fibres, which also apply to men's and ladies' suits.

As part of an AiF project (AiF No. 14342 N), scientists of the clothing physiology area at the Hohenstein Institute in Boennigheim compared moisture and heat management as well as the skin-sensory properties of different wool and polyester fabrics. Based on the results, a polyester fabric with optimal characteristics for the production of a men's suit was designed and manufactured. Final tests showed that the wearing comfort of this material was significantly above that of comparative products The thermo-physiological properties can be designed through material selection and processing for a broad range of temperatures and stress areas. In this vein, a traveller would sweat significantly less during a short burst in an overheated airport building as compared to someone wearing a wool suit.

In addition, fabrics made of synthetic fibre are clearly more hardwearing and also better retain their shape than the natural fibre wool, which means that areas such as between the legs, which are subject to more mechanical stresses, are not worn out as quickly, and there is no crease formation even after extended periods of sitting.