;
Home / Knowledge / News / Textiles / A fabric with nanostructures to mop up oil spills
A fabric with nanostructures to mop up oil spills
20
Apr '16
Courtesy: Queensland University of Technology
Courtesy: Queensland University of Technology
A new multipurpose fabric covered with semi-conducting nanostructures, developed by a team of researchers from Queensland University of Technology (QUT), CSIRO and RMIT could one day easily mop up oil spills at sea, on the land and in your own kitchen.

“The fabric could also potentially degrade organic matter when exposed to light thanks to these semi-conducting properties,” says Associate Professor Anthony O'Mullane, from QUT's School of Chemistry, Physics and Chemical Engineering, who collaborated with researchers from CSIRO and RMIT on this project.

“This fabric repels water and attracts oil. We have tested it and found it effective at cleaning up crude oil, and separating organic solvents, ordinary olive and peanut oil from water,” he said.

“We were able to mop up crude oil from the surface of fresh and salt water.”

Professor O'Mullane said the chemistry behind the creation of the new material was not complex. All steps in its production are easy to carry out and, in principle, production of this fabric could be scaled up to be used on massive oil spills that threaten land and marine ecosystems, he said. On a large scale the material could mop up crude oil to saturation point and then be washed with a common organic solvent and reused.

“We used nylon, but in principle any fabric could work. We took commercially available nylon that already had a seed layer of silver woven into it which makes it easier to carry out the next part of the process – addition of the copper.

“We then dipped this fabric into a vat where a copper layer was electrochemically deposited onto it. Now with a copper coating, we converted the fabric into a semiconducting material with the addition of another solution that causes nanostructures to grow on the fabric's surface - the key to its enhanced properties. The nanostructures are like tiny rods that cover the surface of the fabric. Water just runs straight off it but the rods attract and hold oil,” Professor O'Mullane said.

Another characteristic is that when the fabric is saturated it allows the oil to permeate where it then acts like a sieve to separate oil and water.

Professor O'Mullane said the fabric could have multiple uses.

“What is particularly exciting is that it is multifunctional and can separate water from other liquids like a sieve, it is self-cleaning, antibacterial, and being a semiconductor opens up further applicability,” he said.

“Its antibacterial properties arising from the presence of copper could be used to kill bugs while also separating water from industrial waste in waterways or decontaminate water in remote and poor communities where water contamination is an issue.


Must ReadView All

NCTO endorses USMCA; to lobby Congress to adopt agreement

Textiles | On 13th Dec 2018

NCTO endorses USMCA; to lobby Congress to adopt agreement

The National Council of Textile Organisations (NCTO) board of...

12 Asian garment firms to operate in Haiti by mid-2019

Apparel/Garments | On 13th Dec 2018

12 Asian garment firms to operate in Haiti by mid-2019

At least a dozen Asian garment manufacturing companies will start...

Pakistan evolving export-oriented policies: top official

Textiles | On 13th Dec 2018

Pakistan evolving export-oriented policies: top official

Pakistan is evolving export-oriented policies and is committed to...

Interviews View All

Smith Vaghasia, Sanado India

Smith Vaghasia
Sanado India

Online remains the best destination for shopping

Sanjay Yagnik, Maa Tex Speciality

Sanjay Yagnik
Maa Tex Speciality

‘We suggest reducing dosage of sizing chemicals to reduce sludge...

Mandeep Nagi, Shades of India

Mandeep Nagi
Shades of India

Women value something that is unique and has a flavour of India

Paolo Crespi,

Paolo Crespi

For.Tex is an Italy-based leading producer of dyes and thickeners, and is...

Farheen B Rahman & Priti Jain,

Farheen B Rahman & Priti Jain

Founded by business-designer duo <b>Priti Jain and Farheen Rahman</b>,...

Carolin Russ,

Carolin Russ

Weko, Weitmann &amp; Konrad GmbH &amp; Co KG, based in south Germany, is...

Pierre Wiertz, EDANA

Pierre Wiertz
EDANA

Pierre Wiertz talks about the vast world of sustainable nonwovens and...

Ray Baughman, University of Texas -Dallas

Ray Baughman
University of Texas -Dallas

<div>A team of scientists and researchers have discovered twistrons,...

Lynda Kelly, Suominen Corporation

Lynda Kelly
Suominen Corporation

Suominen Corporation is a manufacturer of nonwovens as roll goods for...

Sonam & Paras Modi, SVA

Sonam & Paras Modi
SVA

Sonam and Paras Modi's Sva Couture is synonymous with head-turning...

Priya Somaiya, Usha Social Services

Priya Somaiya
Usha Social Services

The Usha Silai label from Usha International is all set for a retail...

Adriano Goldschmied, AG Jeans

Adriano Goldschmied
AG Jeans

The hype around 'designer jeans' was created by him. And the new wave of...

Press Release

Press Release

Letter to Editor

Letter to Editor

RSS Feed

RSS Feed

Submit your press release on


editorial@fibre2fashion.com

Letter To Editor






(Max. 8000 char.)

Search Companies





SEARCH

Leave your Comments


December 2018

Subscribe today and get the latest update on Textiles, Fashion, Apparel and so on.

news category


Related Categories:

Advanced Search