Home / Knowledge / News / Textiles / Surat manufacturers switch from MMF to cotton textiles

Surat manufacturers switch from MMF to cotton textiles

Apr '12
Textile manufacturers in Surat, long known as manufacturing hub for man-made fabrics (MMF), are shifting to production of home textiles and fabric for high quality shirting that have high cotton content.

Since decades, powerloom weavers in the city have been making polyester fabrics. But, the introduction of sophisticated machines, rise in crude oil prices and cotton prices being under control have together resulted in a noticeable change in production in the textile city, according to an industry expert.

In the last two years, the number of sophisticated machines, like Rapier and water jet looms, have increased from few hundreds to more than 20,000. This has resulted in nearly 25 percent of fabric production switching to cotton-based from the earlier polyester filament based.

Mr. Arun Jariwala, Chairman of Federation of Indian Art Silk Weaving Industry (FIASWI) and Indian Technical Textile Association (ITTA), spoke to fibre2fashion enlisting the reasons for the switch from MMF to cotton-based production in Surat.

“First, there is a zero excise duty on cotton and the excise duty on man-made yarn is 12 percent, which makes a lot of difference in the costs of both materials,” he says.

“Secondly, last year the export of cotton was open, due to which the prices of cotton had increased. But then, the Government controlled the export of cotton. This year too, the Government has controlled cotton exports and thus cotton prices are brought under control,” he continues.

“On the other hand, the prices of crude oil have risen to almost double. Most of the synthetic yarn is being manufactured from basic crude oil. So, the prices of synthetic yarn have increased by almost 40 percent. Along with that, now the prices of synthetic fabric have also risen,” he adds.

Elaborating further, he says, “In the current economic conditions of our country, people prefer the cheaper fabric, whereas normally people used to prefer a better quality or synthetic fabric or polyester fabric. But now due to price constraint, people prefer to buy fabric which is cheaper. So, the demand for MMF is going down.”

“In these circumstances, manufacturers are opting to make fabric in which the filament yarn content is only 30 percent and the rest is either cotton yarn, which is bleached, or blended yarn with 20% polyester and 80% viscose,” he reveals.

Elaborating the contribution of latest machines in switch to manufacturing of home textiles, he says, “Those powerloom owners who have purchased the waterjet looms or the Rapier looms, where the investment is high, cannot afford to manufacture ordinary fabric. Hence, they have shifted to manufacturing high quality shirting, fabrics for furnishings, bed linen, etc.”

“Moreover, the new looms that they have purchased have a bigger width, which cannot be used for production of sarees and dress materials. So, the business is getting diverted to home textiles. At present, there is a good market for such home textiles. While those who have latest equipments go for home textiles, those who have ordinary machines are switching to production of blended fabrics,” he avers.

When asked about suggestions to help Surat regain its popularity as MMF hub, he opines, “First of all, the excise duty on synthetic yarn has to be made equivalent to cotton. According to the fibre policy, there should be equal duty on all types of yarns. Secondly, we will have to wait for the oil prices to come down.”

Fibre2fashion News Desk - India

Must ReadView All

Pic: Shutterstock

Apparel/Garments | On 30th Jul 2021

ILO outlines 3 scenarios for Asian garment sector recovery trajectory

Looking to the post-pandemic period, a new research brief by the...

Pic: Shutterstock

Retail | On 30th Jul 2021

UK retail sales up 0.5% MoM in June; clothing store sales down 4.7%

Retail sales volumes in the UK increased by 0.5 per cent in June 2021 ...

Pic: Shutterstock

Textiles | On 30th Jul 2021

Prime Content| Here's why global cotton trade will rise in July-Dec 2021

Global cotton trade is expected to rise in the coming months of 2021...

Interviews View All

Textile Industry, Head honchos

Textile Industry
Head honchos

Money never disappears-it just finds new opportunities

Florian Heubrandner, Lenzing AG

Florian Heubrandner
Lenzing AG

Sustainable and eco-friendly fibres remain in the minority

Textile Industry, Head honchos

Textile Industry
Head honchos

Biggest learning was adaptability

Aashumi Mahajan,

Aashumi Mahajan

Luxe Maison is a premiere haute couture e-boutique established after 2015. ...

Shivaani Jain,

Shivaani Jain

Established in 2015, Once Upon A Trunk is a one-stop-shop with almost...

Mumin Can Eker,

Mumin Can Eker

Maseksport Inc is a readymade garment exporter. Founded in Izmir in 1989,...

Steve McCullough & Marco Weichert, Functional Fabric Fair & Design and Development GmbH Textile Consult respectively

Steve McCullough & Marco Weichert
Functional Fabric Fair & Design and Development GmbH Textile Consult respectively

Functional Fabric Fair is a trade-exclusive event showcasing the latest...

Robert Brookins, Alexium International

Robert Brookins
Alexium International

Alexium International is a specialty chemical development company...

Brad Holschuh, Wearable Technology Lab, University of Minnesota

Brad Holschuh
Wearable Technology Lab, University of Minnesota

A new study led by researchers at the University of Minnesota's Design of...

Vidur Adlakha & Riccardo Bennidini, La Fuori

Vidur Adlakha & Riccardo Bennidini
La Fuori

With an active presence in US, Italy and India, clothing brand La Fuori...

Anjali Bhaskar, Samatvam

Anjali Bhaskar

Samatvam, a womenswear brand that blends age-old craftsmanship with modern ...

Ruma Devi, Gramin Vikas Evam Chetna Sansthan

Ruma Devi
Gramin Vikas Evam Chetna Sansthan

Ruma Devi is a jet-setting promoter of artisans who has empowered...

Press Release

Press Release

Letter to Editor

Letter to Editor

RSS Feed

RSS Feed

Submit your press release on


Letter To Editor

(Max. 8000 char.)

Search Companies


Leave your Comments

July 2021

Subscribe today and get the latest update on Textiles, Fashion, Apparel and so on.

Advanced Search