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Under-employment bigger problem: India's Niti Aayog
Aug '17
Citing ‘severe under-employment’ to be a bigger problem than unemployment in the country, India’s government think tank Niti Aayog has suggested focusing on sectors such as apparel, electronics, food processing, gems and jewellery, financial services, tourism and real estate to expand formalisation of jobs and create jobs with higher productivity and wages.

Citing examples of South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore and China, the think tank said in a three-year action agenda for 2017-18 to 2019-20 released last week that the 'Make in India' campaign needs to succeed by manufacturing for global markets.

Unifying the labour laws into four codes without incorporating substantive changes, by either amending the existing labour laws or reframing those, will not change the current situation of low-productivity and low-wage jobs, it said. The government has initiated the process of combining 44 labour laws into four codes, pertaining to labour, industrial relations, social security and welfare, and safety and working conditions.

It suggested expansion of fixed-term employment available to the textile industry to all sectors. "Contrary to some assertions that India's growth has been 'jobless', the Employment Unemployment Surveys (EUS) of the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) have consistently reported low and stable rates of unemployment over more than three decades,” it said.

The think tank also recommended creation of a handful of coastal employment zones (CEZs) to attract multinational firms in labour-intensive sectors from China to India. (DS)

Fibre2Fashion News Desk – India

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