Corn fibres have emerged as an eco-friendly substitute for synthetic fabrics and are being used for making not just clothes, but also in geotextiles and home textiles. Renuka Tejaswini explains the processes involved in extracting corn fibres from corn starch and its many benefits and applications in the textile industry.
Sustainable technology refers to that which caters to the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It enables more valuable use of natural resources and greatly reduced ecological impact among other technological benefits. Though sustainable technology deals with energy efficiency, reduction in pollution, use of renewable sources, it should also be economically sustainable too, says Avinash Mayekar.
Foam dyeing and finishing of textiles has demonstrated as an economically very attractive technology to conserve energy. Foam finishing has a wide application on cotton, synthetic fibres and their blends. Senior industry consultant, CN Sivaramakrishnan,who has over 35 years' experience in wet processing and specialty chemicals manufacturing industries, explains why foam dyeing & finishing has caught the attention of the textile processing industry as a low add-on technique.
The use of banana stems as a source of fibre declined after other convenient fibres such as cotton and silk became popular. But in recent years the commercial value of banana fibre has increased and it is used all over the world for multiple purposes from making tea bags and sanitary napkins to Japanese yen notes and car tyres. Avneet Kaur writes about the story of banana fibres, explaining in detail its use in ancient times, its characteristics, the extraction process and the possible uses of the eco-friendly fibres in the textile industry.
The world defines its sophistication with three Cs - class, culture and clothes.
Among the three Cs, clothes have begun to define both class and culture. Clothes are also something which many have in excess and yet it seems like there is a serious dearth of garments. However, in the race to meet the demand for clothing, brands are relying on fast fashion. This fast fashion has not only resulted in overconsumption of clothes, but has also caused scarcity of raw material like cotton.
Natural fibres like cotton, jute, silk, etc have occupied an august place in textile. With consumers realising significance of natural organic textile, designers and textile houses are inclined to not only promote natural fibres, but also work on discovering fresh natural fibres. Some designers as well as textile houses have succeeded in weaving textile fibres from fruits. Traditional natural fibres continue to be cynosure of all eyes, but there is still an urgent need to introduce novel fibres that can be used either independently or in combination with other natural fibres to create attractive apparel.