Geotextile is a branch of technical textile virtually deals
with the GEO means EARTH that is soil & rocks. The geotextiles are
magic panacea for almost all the geotechnical problems. As it was 1st
used in 1926 by the South Carolina Highways Dept. in a series of road
constriction. But, in 1973 three basic functions where identified by scientists
Mr. Leflaife & Mr. Puig these are separation, filtration & then
drainage. Therefore the manufacturing process of most widely used geotextile
net which was made by Netlon in UK was patented in 1960.
As the Indian economy is broadly dependant on agriculture,
ours GDP fluctuates due to the agricultural production, but it is hampered due
to various reasons like climate, rainfall, site situation, etc. out of which
site situation is most important aspect as per as crop yield is concerned.
Because, soil erosion is one of the critical problem which is due to severe
rainfall, storms, etc & ultimately vegetation on these top soil becomes
extreme difficult as loss of soil takes place. So in order to avoid soil
erosion & to have better fertility of soil surface covering based
geotextiles approaches tends to be more effective using jute material.
Authors are students of D.K.T.E, Ichalkaranji
paper was presented at event under national level grand fiesta PRAGYAA-2010
Department of Textile Technology of S G G S I E