Fabric are manufactured in wide varieties and design. And
the different design and effect is produced on the fabric with the help for
various mechanism which is helpful to from different weaves and lots of design
which enhances the look of apparels. The present paper was aimed at
investigating the different types of weaves and also overview the fabrics come
under the different weave categories.
2. Types of Weaves:
2.1 Plain Weave:
Most simple and most common type of construction Inexpensive
to produce, durable, Flat, tight surface is conducive to printing and other
finishes. The simplest of all patterns is the plain weave. Each weft yarn goes
alternately over and under one warp yarn. Each warp yarn goes alternately over
and under each weft yarn. Some examples of plain weave fabrics are crepe,
taffeta, organdy and muslin. The plain weave may also have variations including
- Rib weave: the filling yarns are larger in diameter than the
warp yarns. A rib weave produces fabrics in which fewer yarns per square
centimeter are visible on the surface.
- Matt Weave or Basket weave: here, two or more yarns
are used in both the warp and filling direction. These groups of yarns are
woven as one, producing a basket effect.
Method of Construction: Each filling yarn goes alternately
under and over the warp yarns
Household Uses: Draperies, tablecloths, upholstery.
Different types of Fabric Come under this Category;
- Chiffon: A very soft and filling plain woven Silk texture
consisting of the Finest Singles which are hard twisted and woven in the
gum condition. The cloth is afterward degummed.
- Georgette: A cotton Crepe fabric made in imitation of silk
georgette, with hard twisted warp and weft yarn. A good Cloth is woven
plain with right and left twist thread arranged in 2 and 2 order in warp
- Shantung: Coarse Silk fabric with Slubs. Mostly Tussah Silk but can be
Polyester, nylon and viscose.
- Seersucker: It is created by holding some warp yarns at tight tension,
some at slack tension. Those at Slack Tension puff up to form a sort of Blis-ter-effect,
often slack and tight yarn of different colour.
2.2 Basket Weave:
A variation of the plain weave usually basket or
checkerboard pattern Contrasting colors are often used Inexpensive, less
durable than plain weave.
Basket weave is the amplification in height and width of plain weave. Two or
more yarns have to be lifted or lowered over or under two or more picks for
each plain weave point. When the groups of yarns are equal, the basket weave is
termed regular, otherwise it is termed irregular.